Romanised Saṃskṛta Sūtra Glossary

sanskrta

A lesser known facet of the Yoga Texts and Freenotes section of the Website is the Romanised Saṃskṛta Core Glossary and Cross Reference Guide. It started life as word by word linked index for the online Yoga Sūtra verses offering a meaning and a cross Sūtra reference resource when exploring related verses.

However as more Yoga Related Texts were added to the online Database it was obvious that the glossary needed to include related terms from other textual sources that matched or correlated with those in the Yoga Sūtra. So the glossary now adds terms from related sources such as the Sāṃkhya Kārikā, the Bhagavad Gītā, the Gītārtha Saṃgraha and Haṭha Yoga Texts, though inevitably these will expand even further over time.

The core word is shown in Romanised Saṃskṛta  and Devanāgarī script, along with a suggested translation or translations where it may have several meanings within different contexts. This is complemented by cross referencing Similar and Opposite Words, Related Concepts and Collected Commentaries, all drawn together as themes around the Core Word, from the many posts around these topics on the Yoga Journal section of the website. This will hopefully help the reader navigate and utilise the ever increasing number of resources.

abhāva - non-appearance, non-existence, absenceabhibhava - disappearanceabhijātasya - preciousabhimata - appropriateabhiniveśa - tenacity; the will to stay alive; clinging to life; fear of death;abhivyakti - manifestationābhyantara - internalabhyāsa - practiceācārya - preceptor, spiritual teacherādara - enthusiasm; to exert or interest one's self forādarśa - seeingādau - from the first or beginning, at firstādhāra - support, prop; that which contains; dike, damadhas - below, downadhigama - attainedadhimātra - excessive; above measure; extremeadhiṣthātṛtva - omnipotenceadhvan - wayadhyāsā - overlappingadhyātma - inner essenceadhyātmika - concerning the essenceadhyāya - a lesson; lecture; chapter; reading; proper time for reading or for a lessonadhyayanam - also going over, recitation, repetition; reading, studying, especially the vedasādi - and the restadṛṣta - unseenadvaita - not two, non-dualismāgama - testimony; anything handed down and fixed by traditionagni - fireagrya - pointednessaham - Iahaṃkāra - individuationāhāra - eatingahiṃsā - non-harming; less harmingajapa - unpronounced; the Mantra or formula called Haṃsa (which consists only of a number of inhalations and exhalations).ājñā - commandajñāna - ignoranceajñāni - one who doesn't know; one who thinks they knowajñāta - not knownakalpitā - non-imaginaryākāra - form / shapeakaraṇa - not making, effectingākāśa - space; ether; subtle and ethereal fluid; sky, atmosphereakliṣṭa - not afflicted, tormented, distressedakrama - non-sequentialakṛṣṇa - not blackakṣara - imperishableākṣepīn - transcendsakusīda - disinterested in gainingalabdha - non-attainment, unobtainedālambana - supporting, resting onālasya - laziness; idlealiṅga - unmanifestāloka - splendouralpa - littleāma - uncookedamṛtam - nectaranabhighāta - not troubledanāditva - beginninglessnessanāgata - not yet comeanāhata - unstuck, produced otherwise than by beatingānanda - joyānandamaya - consisting of blissananta - endless, boundless, eternal, infinite; the first serpentānantarya - successionānantya - due to endlessnessanāśaya - without seeds, depositsanaṣṭa - not disappearedanāstika - heterodoxanātman - other than essenceanavacchedā - not separatedanavacchinnā - not boundanavadhāraṇa - not ascertainedanavasthitatvā - losing stabilityaneka - otheraṅga - limbaṇiman - minutenessaniṣṭa - unwanted, undesirable, unfavourableanitya - transitoryañjali - the open hands placed side by side and slightly hollowed, reverence, salutation, benediction; a measure of corn, sufficient to fill both hands when placed side by sideañjanatā - assume the colour of an objectannam - foodannamaya - consisting of foodanta - end (from ... to)antar - internalantara - otherantarāya - intervention, obstacleantardhāna - disappearanceaṇu - minuteanu - followanubhāvana - following cultivationanubhūta - experience, experienced; resulted, followed as a consequenceanugama - followsanuguṇa - similar qualitiesanukāra - imitatinganuloma - with the grainanumāna - inferenceanumodita - by approvalanupaśya - apperceive; one who sees; perceiving; seeing; observesanupātin - followinganuśayin - following upon, connected with as a consequenceanuṣṭhāna - doing; performance; practice; execution; to live with and put the teachings into practiceanuttama - unsurpassed, incomparably the best or chief, excellentanvaya - connectionanya - different from, other thananyatā - differenceanyathā - otherwise, in a different manneranyatva - anotherāp - water elementāpad - to bring into trouble or misfortuneapāna - downward airaparāmṛṣṭa - untouchedaparānta - ultimate end, deathaparigraha - non-grasping; less grasping; not grasping all around; non-possessiveness; non-covetousnessapariṇāmitvā - non-transformativeāpatti - assumesapavarga - emancipationapekṣā - interest, anticipation, looking for, expectation, hope, need, requirementapeta - removed offapi - also, something more, moreoverapramāṇaka - not perceivableapratisaṃkrama - non-changingaprayojaka - not the initiatorapuṇya - non-meritorious; wicked; unvirtuousāpūrā - flowariṣṭa - portents, omenaroga - free from disease, healthy, wellārogya - absence of illnessarogya - healthyartha - purpose, meaning, goalarthatā - objectsarthavattva - significance, importanceāryā - type of verse metreasaṃkhyeya - innumerableasaṃkīrṇa - unblendedasaṃpramoṣa - retentionasaṃprayoga - disengagementasaṃsarga - non-associationāsana - particular posture; sitting, sitting down; seat, place, stool; abiding, dwellingasaṅga - non-associationāsanna - nearasat - unreal; wrongāśaya - seed, deposit; resting placeāsevita - attend toasinā - swordāśis - premordial desireasmitā - egoity; the sense of 'I' am-nessāśrama - life stages; a hermitageāśraya - correspondence; that to which anything is annexed, or with which anything is closely connected, or on which anything depends or rests; substratumāśrayatva - correspondsaṣṭa - eightaṣṭāṅga - eight limbsasteya - non-stealing; less stealingasti - existsāstika - orthodoxaśuci - impureaśuddhi - impurityaśukla - not whiteāsura - demonicāsvāda - tastingaśvinī - horseasya - hisataḥ - therefore, thus, consequently, henceatat - not thatatha - now; an auspicious and inceptive particleatiprasaṅga - infinite coming togetheratīta - pastātmaka - taking the role of our essenceātman - essence; the highest personal principle of life; the individual soul, selfātmatā - nature; essenceatyanta - absolutelyāvaraṇa - coveringavasthā - stateavasthāna - abidingāveśa - enteringavidyā - illusion; spiritual ignoranceaviplavā - unwaveringavirati - over-indulgence, intemperance; incontinenceaviṣayī - not objectaviśeṣa - indistinct, without any difference, uniformavyakta - undeveloped, not manifest, unapparent, indistinct, invisible, imperceptibleavyapadeśya - undeterminedāyāma - stretching, extending; restraining, restrainedāyurveda - sacred lore of longevityāyus - span of lifeback to topbādhana - oppressedbahis - externalbāhya - externalbaka - a kind of heron or cranebakāsana - Crane Posebala - strength, might, force; force or power of articulationbandha - bindingbandhana - binding, tying, fetteringbasti - bladderbhagavat - divinebhakti - devotionbharā - carriesbhāsa - luminositybhastrikā - bellowsbhāṣya - commentary, expositionbhāva - becomingbhava - re-emerge; coming into existence; birth; productionbhāvana - cultivation; imagining, fancying; forming in the mind; to occupy one's imagination withbhaya - fear, alarm, dread, apprehensionbheda - divide, piercebhogā - worldly experiencebhrāmarī - relating to a beebhrānti - fallaciousbhūmi - stage; ground; floor of a house; foundation; a place, situationbhūmikatva - of a stagebhūta - element; living beingbhūtatvā - elementalism / being-nessbhuvana - worldbīja - seedbrahmacarya - continence; conservation; a life stagebrahman - that which expands; the absolute, the eternalbrāhmaṇa - Brahmanical explanation of rules or directions for ritesbṛṃhaṇa - buildingbuddhi - the intellectual faculty; comprehension; intelligence, discernment, judgementback to topca - andcakra - wheelcakṣus - sense of seeing; eyecala - agitation. disturbed, unsteadycandra - mooncāpalya - agitation, fickleness, unsteadinesscatur - fourcaturtha - fourthcet - if socetanā - consciousnesschidra - in the breaks / intervalscikitsā - therapeutics; medical treatmentcit - awareness, to cause to comprehend, to observe, perceivecitra - speckledcitta - psyche; mind; heartback to topdaiva - divinedakṣiṇa - right, southerndāna - the act of giving; to offer a giftdarśana - view; seeingdarśin - one who has seendasa - tendaurmanasya - negative thinking; dejectedness; melancholydāyaka - giving, granting, bestowingdeha - the bodydeśa - placedevanāgarī - divine city scriptdevatā - divinitydevavāṇī - a divine voice; language of the godsdhāraṇā - concentrationdharma - essential qualities; highest dutydharmīn - substratumdhauti - the act of washingdhruva - pole stardhyai - meditate; contemplate; think ofdhyāna - meditation; mental representation of the personal attributes of a deitydhyāta - that which meditatesdhyāya - meditating ondhyeya - to be meditated ondīpti - illuminatesdīrgha - long, for a long time; a long voweldivya - divinedoṣa - affection, defect, fault, biological humoursdraṣṭṛ - seerdravya - a substance, thing, object; the ingredients or materials of anything; medicinal substance or drugdṛḍha - firm; soliddṛś - to seedṛśi - seeing; the power of seeingdṛṣṭa - seendṛśya - the seendṛśyatva - due to the quality of the seenduḥkha - suffering, pain, sorrowfuldurgā - invincible, impassable, unassailable; fortress, citadel stronghold; a difficult or narrow passage, a place difficult of accessdvadasa - twelvedvaṃdva - pair of oppositesdveṣa - aversion; hatred; animosity; dislike; repugnancedvi - twoback to topejayatva - unsteadinesseka - oneekāgra - one-pointed; having one point; fixing one's attention upon one point or objectekāgratā - intentness in the pursuit of one object; close and undisturbed attentionekānta - solely, only, exclusively; absoluteness, certaintyekatānatā - continuityekatra - in the same placeekatvā - uniquenesseṣām - of theseeṣa - whichetayā - by thisetena - by thiseva - thusback to topgamana - travelgandha - odour; smellgaṇeśa - the god of wisdom and of obstacles; though Gaṇeśa causes obstacles he also removes them; hence he is invoked at the commencement of all undertakings and at the opening of all compositionsgati - going, moving, gait, deportment, motion in generalgāyatrī - chant metre; a hymn composed in the gāyatrī metre; an ancient metre of twenty-four syllables;gheraṇḍa - name of a teacherghrāṇa - sense of smelling; nosegītā - songgraha - graspgrahaṇa - the process of graspinggṛhastha - standing in the home; living or staying in any one's house; householder; a life stagegrahītṛ - that which is graspinggrāhya - that which is graspedgranthi - knotgrata - pointednessguṇa - attributes of nature; qualitiesguru - teacherguhya - mysteryback to tophāna - the act of abandoning, relinquishing, giving up, escaping, getting rid of; gone or departed; cessationhasta - handhasti - elephanthaṭha - force, forcefulhetu - causehetutvā - causalityheya - overcomehi - indeed, truly; becausehiṃsā - harm (to life or property), injury, hurt; wrong (said to be of three kinds, 1. mental, as "bearing malice"; 2. verbal, as "abusive language"; 3. personal, as "acts of violence")hlāda - delight; gladness, joyhṛdaya - heart or region of the heart as the seat of feelings and sensations; mind as the seat of mental operations; the heart or centre or core or essence or best or dearest or most secret part of anythingback to topicchā - will, desire, inclination, wishiḍā - comfort, libationindriya - faculty of sense; sense; organ of senseiṣṭa - chosenīśvara - the lord; the supreme soul; personal god; special self; ruler of choicesitara - othersitaratra - at other timesitaretara - one with the otheriti - thus; in this manner; something that has been said or thought; having so said; (it is used like a quotation mark)iva - as ifback to topja - bornjala - waterjālandhara - web holdingjanman - birthjānu - kneejapa - repetitionjāti - existencejavitva - fleetnessjaya - mastery; conquest, victory, triumph, winningjāyante - are bornjijñāsā - desire of knowing; investigation; examinationjīva - living, existing, alive; causing to live, vivifyingjīvana - vivifying, giving life, enlivening; a living being; lifejivha - tonguejña - knowingjñāna - knowing; knowledge; higher knowledgejñāni - one who knowsjñāta - knownjñātṛtva - knowingnessjñeya - to be knownjugupsā - disdainjvalana - glowjyotiśmant - luminescencejyotis - lightback to topkaivalya - independence, freedom, solitude, separateness, abstraction, not connected with anything else; uncompounded, unmingledkala - to count; beats; partskāla - time, a period of time; season, the proper time or season forkāma - desire, longingkanda - bulbkaṇṭaka - thornskaṇṭha - throatkapālabhāti - skull shiningkapha - phlegm principlekapila - name/s of ancient sage/skaraṇa - making, effectingkāraṇa - reasons, causekaraṇī - form, aspectkārikā - concise statement of doctrines in versekārita - brought aboutkāritva - quality of activitykarman - act, action, performance; work, labour, activity; any religious act or rite; organ of sensekaruṇā - compassionkathaṃtā - whereforekāya - the bodykhyāti - recognition; perception, knowledgekiṃ - howkleśa - afflictions; distress; anguishkliṣṭa - afflicted, tormented, distressedkoṇa - corner; anglekrama - sequence; order; series; regular arrangement; succession; progressing step by step; in regular course; gradually, by degreeskriyā - activity; bodily activity; medical treatment or practicekrodha - angerkṛta - done; made; accomplished; performedkṣaṇa - momentkṣaya - diminish, wasting or wearing awaykṣema - giving rest or ease or securitykśetra - the fieldkṣetrika - like a farmerkṣīṇa - reducedkṣipta - distracted; unsteady; unable to concentratekṣīyate - dissolveskṣudh - hungerkumbhaka - retentionkuṇḍalinī - annulate; circular; coiled onekūpa - wellkūrma - tortoiseback to toplābha - attainedlāghava - lightnesslaghu - lightnesslakṣaṇa - characteristic, attributelaṅghana - lighteninglāvaṇya - gracelaya - absorbedliṅga - manifest, sign, genderlobha - greedback to topmadhya - moderatenessmadhyamā - middling, intermediatemahā - greatmahāmudrā - great sealmahat - great principle; intellectual principlemahattva - greatestmaitrī - friendlinessmakaranda - nectarmālā - a string of beadsmala - dust; dirtmanana - thoughtfulmanas - mindmaṇḍala - circle, orbmaṇi - gemmaṇipūra - jewel citymanomaya - consisting of mindmantra - sacred formulamārga - seeking, search; way to or through; road, path; the track of a wild animalmarman - vulnerable pointmerudaṇḍa - the spinemata - a thought, idea, opinion, view, sentimentmātrā - only; measure, quantity, sum, size, durationmatsara - jealousymaya - consisting of, aspectmegha - cloud pouringmīmāṃsā - investigation of the proper interpretation of the Vedic textsmithyā - falsely, deceitfully, untruly; incorrectly, wrongly, improperlymoha - delusion; error; darkness or delusion of mindmokṣa - liberation, release from worldly existence or transmigration, final or eternal emancipationmṛdu - mildnessmṛgi - deermṛtyu - death, dyingmūḍha - stupefied; bewildered; perplexed;muditā - gladnessmudrā - sealmukha - head: face; mouthmūla - rootmūlādhāra - root supportmūrdha - crown of the headback to topna - no; not; nor, neithernabha - the skynābhi - navelnādānusandhāna - Following the inner soundnāḍī - channelnairantarya - without interruptionnāma - namenaṣṭa - disappearednaulī - to churnnava - ninenetī - the drawing of a thread through the nose and mouthnibandhanīn - bindingnidrā - deep sleepnimitta - instrumental causenimna - inclined towardsnirālamba - self-supported; independentniratiśaya - unsurpassednirbhāsā - shines forthnirbīja - without seednirgrāhya - permanently graspednirguṇa - without attributes, qualitiesnirmāṇa - creatednirodha - to contain, enclose, cover, confine, restrain, surpressnirupa - non-formingnirvicārā - refined subtle reflectionnirvitarka - refined gross deliberationniṣṭhā - firmness, steadiness, skill in, familiarity with, certain knowledge ofnitya - eternal; constantly dwelling or engaged innityatvā - eternalitynivṛtti - cessationniyama - observances; restraint of the mind; a rule or precept; obligation; restraining, checking, holding backnyāsa - placingnyāya - syllogistic argumentback to topojas - vital essence; bodily vitality; vigour;om - mystical symbol, sacred exclamationoṣadhi - blessed herbs, medicinal herbsback to toppāda - section; a quarter, a fourth part; foot, leg; on foot; the act of locomotionpañca - fivepañcataya - fivefoldpāṇi - holding in the hand; the act of graspingpaṅka - mudpanthān - pathpara - higher, otherparama - highest, mostparamparā - from “one to another”; an uninterrupted row or series, order, succession, continuationparidṛṣṭa - seen to beparigraha - grasping all around; amassing; possessiveness; covetousnessparīkṣā - inspection, investigation, examinationpariṇāma - transformationparipāka - digestion, completely cookedpariśuddhi - purifiedparitāpa - distress, pain, agony, grief, sorrow; glow, scorching, heatparivṛtti - turning, revolutionparvan - phaseparyavasāna - ultimate limitpaścimatāna - west or back stretchpata - flying; fallingpatañjali - celebrated as a compiler of the yoga sūtra or as a grammarianpavamāna - being purified or strained; flowing clearpāyu - act of excretion; anusphala - fruit; consequence, effect; result; retribution (good or bad), gain or loss, reward or punishment, advantage or disadvantagepiṅgalā - tawny-red colourpipāsā - thirstpīṭham - a support as in a stool, seat, chair, bench; a particular posture in sitting; the seat of a deity; an altarpitta - bile principleprabhu - master, mighty, powerfulpracāra - manifestation, appearance, coming forth, spreadingpracchardana - lengthening the exhaleprada - giving, yielding, offering, granting, bestowing, causing, effecting, uttering, speakingpradhāna - prime; chief; major; the most important or essential part; unevolved or root of matter, original source; the creative principle of naturepradīpikā - special lightprādurbhāva - appearanceprāgbhāra - propensityprati - with regard toprajñā - knowing; insightprakaraṇa - treatment; discussion; explanation; subject, topic, matterprakāśa - brightnessprakopa - effervescence, excitement, raging (of diseases, war &c); provocation, aggravationprakṛti - the original producer of the material world; nature or process of matter; nature, character, constitution, temper, dispositionpramāda - carelessness, negligence; intoxicationpramāṇa - right perception, a correct notion; a means of acquiring; measure, scale, standardprāṇa - vital force; the breath of life; breath; inward airprāṇamaya - consisting of vital forcepraṇava - sacred syllableprāṇāyāma - extending the breathpraṇidhāna - dedication; respectful conduct; attention; to place down; in front ofprānta - finalprārthanā - prayer, to request, to petitionprasāda - serenity; a propitiatory offering, the food presented to an idolprasādana - calmingprasaṃkhyāna - omniscienceprasaṅga - towards associationprasanna - placid, tranquilpraśānta - serenepraśvāsā - exhalationprasupta - latentprathamā - primary, initial, firstpratibandhī - opposeprātibhā - intuitionpratikriyā - opposite activity, counteraction, compensationpratiloma - opposite grainpratipakṣa - opposite sidepratipatti - ascertainmentpratiprasava - going back to their originpratiṣedha - counteractingpratiṣṭha - establishedpratiyogīn - correspondingpratyāhāra - withdrawal from the sensespratyak - turning inwardspratyakṣa - through the sensespratyaya - psychic activityprauḍha - strong; bold, proud, audacious; proficientpravarta - engaging in, undertakingpravibhāga - separationpravṛtti - finer cognition; special cognitionprayatna - continued effortprayoga - connectionprayojaka - initiating, occasioning, causing, effecting, leading to, inciting, stimulating, deputingpṛthvī - earth elementpunar - againpuṇya - propitious; virtuous; meritoriouspūraka - inhalepūrṇimā - the night or day of full moonpurohita - front placedpuruṣa - animating principle, self, consciousness, spiritpuruṣottama - supreme spiritpūrva - precedingpūrvatāna - east or front stretchback to toprāga - colour; attraction; delight in; vehement desire of; attachment; a musical note, harmony, melodyrahasya - secretrāja - a king, sovereign, chief or best of its kindrajas - excitingrakṣaṇa - protectingrasa - disposition; flavour; any object of taste; a tasterasana - sense of tasting; tongueratna - jewelsrecaka - exhaleroga - disease, infirmity, sicknessrogya - related to or connected with disease, producing sickness, unwholesomeṛta - truthruḍha - springing uprūpa - any outward appearance or phenomenon or colour; form, shape, figure; aggregaterūpatvā - characterrūta - cry ofback to topsa - thissabīja - with seedsadā - alwayssādhaka - efficient, someone who follows a particular sādhanasādhana - means to accomplish; leading straight to a goal; guiding well; furtheringsādhāraṇatvā - commonsaguṇa - with attributes, qualitiessaha - accompanysahabhuva - accompanyingsahakāra - assistance; acting withsahasrāra - thousand-spoked; a kind of cavity said to be found in the top of the head and to resemble a lotus reversedsahavāsa - dwelling togethersākṣāt - directly seeingsālambana - supportingsamā - equal, constantsamādhi - putting together; communion; combining; integrationsamāhita - one who has collected his thoughts, devout, steadfast, firmsāman - force or power of articulation; the faculty of uttering soundssamāna - digestive air, middle breathsāmānya - general, generic, not specific, alike, similarsamāpatti - coming together, unitysamāpti - conclusionsamatvam - equanimitysamavṛtti - equal movementsamaya - circumstances; appointed or proper time; agreement; regulatesaṃbandha - connectionsaṃbodha - understandingsaṃgṛhītatvā - connectionsaṃhananatvā - robustnesssaṃhāra - destruction; contraction, drawing in; conclusionsaṃhatya - having combinedsaṃhitā - collectionsaṃjñā - acknowledgmentsaṃkalpa - intention, volition, determinationsaṃkara - completely mixedsāṃkhya - enumeration; a numbersaṃkīrṇā - interspersed, intermixedsaṃmoha - bewildermentsaṃnidhi - in the presencesaṃnyāsa - renunciation; a life stagesaṃpat - perfection, destinysaṃpradāya - tradition, established doctrine transmitted from one teacher to another, traditional belief or usagesaṃprajñāta - total knowingsaṃprayoga - total joining togethersaṃsāra - going or wandering through, passing through a succession of statessaṃśaya - doubtsaṃskāra - tendencies, psychological imprint, mental impression, habitual potency; making ready, preparation; a sacred or sanctifying ceremonysaṃtoṣa - contentmentsaṃvedanā - to experience; completely knowingsaṃvega - ardour; excitementsaṃvid - an understandingsāmya - equalsaṃyama - complete restraintsaṃyoga - conjunctionsaṅga - associationsaṃskṛta - ancient indic languagesaṃtāna - coherence, connection, transitionsapta - sevensaptadhā - sevenfoldsārūpya - conformitysarva - allsarvāṅgāsana - all parts posturesarvathā - in every way, at all timessat - real, true, rightsati - beingsatkāra - kind treatment, honour, favour, reverence; care, attention, consideration of or regard for a thingsattva - claritysatya - truthful; honesty; sincere; genuine; actualsaumanasya - open-mindednesssavicārā - unrefined subtle reflectionsavitarkā - unrefined gross deliberationśabda - words, sound, languageśaithilya - decrease; looseness; relaxationśakti - power, energy; ability, capability; strength; might, effort;śamana - palliating, allayingśānta - quiescentśānti - peaceśarīra - any solid body; bodily frame; one's bodyṣaṣ - sixśāsana - teachingsśāstra - precept, rules, manual, compendium, book or treatiseśauca - cleanlinessśava - corpse, dead bodyśavāsana - corpse poseśeṣa - remainderśikṣaṇa - the act of learningśīla - natureśiṣya - pupil, discipleśītalī - coolingśloka - type of verse metreśodhana - cleansing, refining, purifyingśraddhā - having faith, believing in, trusting, faithful, having confidenceśrāvaṇa - hearingśravika - heard spiritual teachingsśrī - blessedśrotra - sense of hearing; earśruta - oral transmissionśuci - pureśuddha - pureśūnya - emptyśvāsa - inhalationsiddha - accomplished onesiddhi - accomplishment, performance, fulfilment, attainment, successśīrṣāsana - the head posturesītkārī - smaya - conceitsmṛti - remembrance; memory; mindfulness; the whole body of sacred tradition or what is remembered by human teachers and constantly revisedṣoḍaśaka - consisting of sixteen, aggregate of sixteensparśa - touch; any quality which is perceptible by touching any objectsṛṣṭi - creationśruti - hearing , listening; the ear, organ or power of hearing; that which is heard or perceived with the ear; sacred eternal sounds or words as heard by sages, differing from smṛti or what is only remembered and handed down in writing by authorsstambha - suspensionstha - abidingsthairya - steadfastness, steadinesssthāna - site, place; being fixed or stationarysthānin - high positionsthira - steadysthiti - staying or remaining or being in any state or condition; maintenance of life;sthūla - gross, tangible, material; large, thick, stout, massive, bulky, big, hugestyāna - dullnesssukha - pleasure; happiness; agreeable; ease; comfortable; pleasantsūkṣma - subtle; atomic; intangiblesupta - lain down, supinesūrya - sunsuṣumnā - arterysūtra - threadsva - own; one's selfsvabhāva - dispositionsvadharma - own highest dutysvādhiṣṭhāna - ones own placesvādhyāya - to study; to read; sacred recitation; study of the selfsvāmin - an owner, proprietor, master, lord or owner ofśvan - dog, houndsvapna - dreamssvara - tone, accent or musical note in recitationsvarūpa - own charactersvastha - self abidingsvatantra - independencesyãt - could beback to toptadā - thentaḍāka - a tank, pooltamas - obscuringtanmātra - thatness, only that; a rudimentary or subtle element;tantra - depending on, frameworktanū - attenuationtāpa - cravingtapas - to heat; religious austerity; self-discipline; pain, sufferingtārā - startāraka - liberatingtārāvalī - a multitude of starstāsām - of thesetasmāt - from that, on that account, thereforetasmin - in thistasya - itstat - that, thistatas - hence, from thattatra - theretattva - principle; thatnesstayoḥ - of bothte - thesetejas - glow; glare; splendour; brilliance; light elementtīvra - intensetrāṭakam - fixing the eyes on an objecttraya - the threetri - threetrividha - three foldtṛṣṇā - thirsttu - moreovertūla - cottontulya - samenesstvak - sense of touching; skin; cinnamon;tyāga - forsakenback to topubhaya - bothudāna - upward airudāra - arousedudaya - arisinguḍḍīyāna - flying upudita - uprisenujjāyī - upwards victoryukrānti - going aboveukta - it is saidupa - near toupādāna - material cause; material of any kindupadeśa - instruction, teachingupalabdhi - apprehensionupanimantraṇa - invitationupaniṣat - to sit down near to; esoteric doctrine; a class of philosophical writingsuparāga - the act of dyeing or colouring; a variation in the musical modeuparakta - colouredupāsana - stay near, worshipupasargā - impedimentsupastha - generative organ, the act of procreationupasthāna - appearupāya - approach, coming near; that by which one reaches one's aim, a means, way, stratagem, craftupekṣā - disinterest, overlooking, disregard, indifferenceūrdhva - upwards, towards the upper part, alof , aboveutpannā - arisesuttama - most elevated, principal; uppermost, highest, chief; best, excellentuttara - other; later, following, subsequent, latter, concluding, posteriorback to top - orvāc - the act of speaking; utter a soundvācaka - expression; verbal , expressed by words; speaking, saying, telling anythinvāda - a thesis, proposition, argument, doctrine; speaking, saying; causing to sound, playingvāhī - continuousvāhitā - flowvaira - animosityvairāgya - dispassionvaiśāradya - maturationvajra - adamantinevama - leftvanaprastha - retiring into a forest; living the life of an anchorite; a life stagevaraṇa - surroundingvarṇa - type; order; colour; classvārtā - smellingvāsanā - latent impressionsvaśīkāra - masteryvastu - any really existing or abiding substance or essence, thing, objectvaśyatā - controlvāta - wind principlevaya - agevāyu - wind; air elementveda - sacred lorevedana - touchingvedāṅga - limbs of the Vedavedanīya - experiencedvedānta - conclusion of the sacred lorevibhāga - distinctionvibhakta - separatevibhūti - special manifestationvicāra - subtle reflectionviccheda - dividingvicchinna - inconsistentvideha - discarnatevidhāraṇā - retaining; detainingvidvāṃs - wise personvidyā - true knowledgevihāra - recreationvihita - destined or meant for; prescribed, decreed, enjoinedvijñāna - special knowing, comprehensionvijñānamaya - consisting of special knowingvikalpa - imaginationvikāra - change of form or nature, alteration or deviation from any natural state, change of bodily or mental condition (esp. for the worse); disease; sickness; hurt; perturbation; emotion; agitationvikaraṇa - without instrumentsvikṣepa - distraction, inattention, confusion, perplexity; scattering, dispersion; moving about, to and frovikṣipta - occasionally steady; able to withdraw itself from painful objectsvilamba - slownessviloma - against the grainvimarśana - discussing; investigation; examinationvinā - withoutviniyoga - employment, use, applicationvinyāsa - special placingvipāka - resultsviparīta - reversed , invertedviparyaya - wrong perceptionviprakṛṣṭa - distantvirāma - cessation, to come to an end, restvirodhā - opposingvīrya - vigourviṣāda - despairviṣamavṛtti - unequal movementviṣayavant - as an objectviśeṣa - distinction, difference between; characteristic difference, peculiar mark, special property, speciality, peculiarityviṣaya - objectviśiṣṭādvaita - qualified non-dualismviśokā - free from sorrowviśuddhi - special purityviśva - universalvīta - free from; smoothvitarka - gross deliberation; negative deliberationvitṛṣṇasya - absence of thirstviveka - discrimination, discernment; the faculty of distinguishing and classifying things according to their real properties; the power of separating the invisible Spirit from the visible world (or spirit from matter); truth from untruthvivekin - discernerviyoga - unyoking, separationvrajet - can achievevrata - vowvṛtti - fluctuation; modification; turned; set in motion, course of action, behaviour, movement; activity, function; professionvṛtya - to be surrounded or encompassed; to be abided or stayed or remainedvyādhi - disorder, disease, ailmentvyākhyātā - explainedvyakta - caused to appear, manifested, apparent, visible, evidentvyāna - circulatory airvyāsa - arranger, compiler, codifiervyavahita - concealedvyūha - arrangementvyutthāna - turned outward; swerving from the right course; rising upvyutthita - strongly excited or agitated; swerving from dutyback to topyajña - act of worship or devotion; offering, oblation, sacrificeyājñavalkya - ancient sageyama - restraintsyathā - according asyatna - effortyatra - where, to which place; journeyyatta - attended to, guided; engaged in, intent upon, prepared for, ready to; endeavoured, strivenyoga - the act of yokingyogyatva - capabilityyogin - a follower of the yoga systemyogyatā - fitness, ability, capability, suitableness, proprietyyukta - connected; skilful; made use ofback to top