Sāṃkhya Kārikā of Īśvara Kṛṣṇa

Āryā 0:

Sāṃkhya Kārikā

of Īśvara Kṛṣṇa

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Āryā 1:

duḥkha-trayā-abhighātāt-jijñāsā tat-abhighātake hetau |
dṛṣṭe sa-apārthā cet na-eka-anta-atyantataḥ abhāvāt ||

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Āryā 2:

dṛṣṭavat-ānu-śravikaḥ saḥ hi-aviśuddhi-kṣayā-atiśaya-yuktaḥ |
tat-viparītaḥ śreyān vyaktāḥ avyakta-jña-vijñānāt ||

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Āryā 3:

mūlaprakṛtiḥ avikṛtiḥ maha-ādādyāḥ prakṛti-vikṛtayaḥ sapta |
ṣoḍaśakaḥ tu vikāraḥ na prakṛtiḥ na vikṛtiḥ puruṣaḥ ||

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Āryā 4:

dṛṣṭam-anumānam-āpta-vacanaṃ ca sarva-pramāṇa-siddhatvāt |
trividhaṃ pramāṇam-iṣṭaṃ prameya-siddhiḥ pramāṇāt-hi ||

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Āryā 5:

prati-viṣaya-adhyavasāyaḥ dṛṣṭaṃ trividham-anumānam-ākhyātam |
tat-liṅga-liṅgi-pūrvakam-āpta-śrutiḥ āpta-vacanaṃ tu ||

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Āryā 6:

sāmānya-taḥ tu dṛṣṭāt-ati-indriyāṇāṃ pratītiḥ anumānāt |
tasmāt-api ca-asiddhaṃ parokṣam-āpta-āgamāt-siddham ||

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Āryā 7:

atidūrāt sāmīpyāt-indriyaghātāt-mano-anavasthānāt |
saukṣmyāt-vyavadhānāt-abhibhavāt samānābhihārāt-ca ||

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Āryā 8:

saukṣmyāt-tadanupalabdhiḥ nā-abhāvāt kāryataḥ tadupalabdheḥ |
mahadādi tat-ca kāryaṃ prakṛtisarūpaṃ virūpaṃ ca ||

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Āryā 9:

asat-akaraṇāt-upādãna-grahaṇāt sarva-saṃbhavā-abhāvāt |
śaktasya śakyakaraṇāt kāraṇa-bhāvāt-ca satkāryam ||

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Āryā 10:

hetumat-anityam-avyāpi sakriyam-anekam-āśritaṃ liṅgam |
sāvayavaṃ paratantraṃ vyaktaṃ viparītam-avyaktam ||

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Āryā 11:

triguṇam-aviveki viṣayaḥ sāmānyam-acetanaṃ prasava-dharmi |
vyaktaṃ tathā pradhānaṃ tadviparitaḥ tathā ca pumān ||

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Āryā 12:

prīti-aprīti-viṣāda-ātmakāḥ prakāśa-pravṛtti-niyamārthāḥ |
anyonya-abhibhava-āśraya-janana-mithuna-vṛttayaḥ ca guṇāḥ ||

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Āryā 13:

sattvaṃ laghu prakāśakam-iṣṭam-upaṣṭaṃbhakaṃ calaṃ ca rajaḥ |
guru varaṇakam-eva tamaḥ pradīpavat-ca-arthataḥ vṛttiḥ ||

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Āryā 14:

avivekyādiḥ siddhaḥ traiguṇyāt-tat-viparyaya-abhāvāt |
kāraṇa-guṇa-ātmakatvāt-kāryasya-avyaktam-api siddham ||

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Āryā 15:

bhedānāṃ parimāṇāt samanvayat śaktitaḥ pravṛtteḥ ca |
kāraṇa-kārya-vibhāgāt-avibhāgāt-vaiśvarūpyasya ||

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Āryā 16:

kāraṇam-asti-avyaktaṃ pravartate tri-guṇataḥ samdayāt-ca |
pariṇmataḥ salilavat prati-prati-guṇa-āśraya-viśeṣāt ||

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Āryā 17:

saṅghāta-parārthatvāt triguṇādi-viparyāt-adhiṣṭhānāt |
puruṣaḥ asti bhoktṛbhāvāt kaivalya-arthaṃ pravṛtteḥ ca ||

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Āryā 18:

janana-maraṇa-karaṇānāṃ pratininyamāt-ayugapat-pravṛtteḥ ca |
puruṣa-bahutvaṃ siddhaṃ traiguṇya-viparyayāt-ca-eva ||

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Āryā 19:

tasmāt-ca viparyāsāt siddhaṃ sākṣitvam-asya puruṣasya |
kaivalyaṃ mādhyastyaṃ draṣṭṛtvam-akartṛbhāvaḥ ca ||

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Āryā 20:

tasmāt-tat-saṃyogāt-acetanaṃ cetanāvat-iva liṅgam |
guṇakartṛtve-api tathā karteva bhavati-udāsīnaḥ ||

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Āryā 21:

puruṣasya darśanārthaṃ kaivalyārthaṃ tathā pradhānasya |
paṅgu-andhavat-ubhayoḥ api saṃyogaḥ tat-kṛtaḥ sargaḥ ||

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Āryā 22:

prakṛteḥ mahāṃ tataḥ ahaṃkāraḥ tasmāt-gaṇaḥ ca ṣoḍaśakaḥ |
tasmāt-api ṣoḍaśakāḥ pañcabhyaḥ pañcabhūtāni ||

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Āryā 23:

adhyavasāyaḥ buddhiḥ dharmaḥ jñānaṃ virāga aiśvaryam |
sāttvikam-etad-rūpaṃ tāmasam-asmāt-viparyastam ||

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Āryā 24:

abhimānaḥ ahaṃkāraḥ tasmād dvidhaḥ pravartate sargaḥ |
ekādāśakaḥ ca gaṇaḥ tanmātraḥ pañcakaḥ ca-eva ||

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Āryā 25:

sāttvikaḥ ekādaśakaḥ pravartate vaikṛtād ahaṃkārāt |
bhūtādeḥ tanmātraḥ sa tāmasaḥ taijasād ubhayam ||

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Āryā 26:

buddhi-indriyaṇi cakṣuḥ srotra-ghrāṇa-rasana-tvak-ākhyāni |
vāk-pāṇi-pāda-pāyū-upastāḥ karmendriyāṇi-āhuḥ ||

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Āryā 27:

ubhayātmakam-atra manaḥ saṅkalpakam-indriyaṃ ca
sādharmyāt |
guṇa-pariṇāma-viśeṣāt-nānātvaṃ bāhya-bhedāḥ ca ||

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Āryā 28:

śabdadiṣu pañcānām ālocanamātram-iṣyate vṛttiḥ |
vacana-ādāṇa-viharaṇa-utsarga-ānandāḥ ca pañcānām ||

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Āryā 29:

svālakṣanyaṃ vṛttiḥ trayasya saiṣā bhavati-asāmānya |
sāmānya-karaṇa-vṛttiḥ prāṇādyā vāyavaḥ pañca ||

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Āryā 30:

yugapat-catuṣṭayasya tu vṛttiḥ krama-śaśca tasya nirdiṣṭā |
dṛṣṭe tathā-api-adṛṣṭe trayasya tat-pūrvikā vṛttiḥ ||

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Āryā 31:

svāṃ svāṃ pratipadyante paraspara-ākuta-hetukāṃ vṛttim |
puruṣārtha eva hetuḥ na kenacit kāryate karaṇam ||

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Āryā 33:

antaḥ karaṇaṃ trividhaṃ daśadhā bāhyaṃ trayasya viṣayākhyam |
sāmpratakālaṃ bāhyaṃ trikālam ābhyantaraṃ karaṇam ||

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Āryā 34:

buddhi indriyāṇi teṣāṃ pañca viśeṣa aviśeṣa viṣayāṇi |
vāk bhavati śabda viṣayā śeṣāṇi tu pañca viṣayāṇi ||

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Āryā 35:

śāntaḥ karaṇaṃ buddhiḥ sarvaṃ viṣayam avagāhate yasmāt |
tasmāt trividhaṃ karaṇaṃ dvāri dvārāṇi śeṣāṇi ||

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Āryā 36:

ete pradīpakalphāḥ paraspara vilakṣaṇāḥ guṇa viśeṣāḥ |
kṛtsaṃ puruṣayā arthaṃ prakāśya buddhau prayacchanti ||

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Āryā 37:

sarvaṃ prati upabhogaṃ yasmāt puruṣasya sādhayati buddhiḥ |
sa eva ca viśinaṣṭi punaḥ pradhāna puruṣāṅtaraṃ sūkṣmam ||

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Āryā 38:

tanmātrāṇi aviśeṣāḥ tebhyo bhūtāni pañca pañcabhyaḥ |
ete smṛtāḥ viśeṣāḥ śāṅtāḥ ghorāḥ ca mūḍhāḥ ca ||

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Āryā 39:

sūkṣmāḥ mātāpitṛjāḥ saha prabhūtaiḥ tridhā viśeṣāḥ syuḥ |
sūkṣmāḥ teṣāṃ niyatāḥ mātā pitṛjāḥ nivartaṇte ||

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Āryā 40:

pūrva-utpannam asaktaṃ niyatam mahat ādi sūkṣma-paryaṇtam |
saṃsarati nirupa-bhogaṃ bhāvaiḥ adhivāsitaṃ liṅgam ||

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Āryā 41:

citraṃ yathā āśrayam ṛte sthāṇvādibhyo vinā yathā chāyā |
tadvat vinā viśeṣaiḥ na tiṣṭhati nirāśrayaṃ liṅgam ||

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Āryā 42:

puruṣārtha-hetukam idaṃ nimitta naimittika prasaṅgena |
prakṛteḥ vibhutva yogat naṭavat vyavatiṣṭhate liṅgam ||

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Āryā 43:

sāṃsiddhikāḥ ca bhāvāḥ prakṛtikāḥ vaikṛtikāḥ ca dharmādhāḥ |
dṛṣṭāḥ karaṇāśrayiṇaḥ kāryāśrayiṇaḥ ca kalalādyāḥ ||

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Āryā 44:

dharmeṇa gamanam ūrdhva gamanam adhastād bhavati adharmeṇa |
jñānena ca apavargaḥ viparyayāt iṣyate bandhaḥ ||

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Āryā 45:

vairāgyat prakṛtilayaḥ saṃsāro bhavati rājasāt rāgāt |
aiśvaryāt avighātaḥ viparyayāt tad viparyāsaḥ ||

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Āryā 46:

eṣah pratyayasargaḥ viparyaya-aśakti tuṣṭiḥ siddhi-ākhyaḥ |
guṇa-vaiṣamya-vimardāt tasya ca bhedāḥ tu pāñcāśat ||

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Āryā 47:

pañca viparyaya bhedāḥ bhavaṅti aśaktiḥ ca karaṇa vaikalyāt |
aṣṭāvimśāti bhedāḥ tuṣṭiḥ navadhā aṣṭadhā siddhiḥ ||

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Āryā 48:

bhedaḥ tamasaḥ aṣṭa vidhaḥ mohasaya ca daśavidhaḥ
maha-mohaḥ |
tāmisraḥ aṣṭādaśadhā tathā bhavati aṅdhatā misraḥ ||

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Āryā 49:

ekādaśa iṅdriyavadhāḥ saha buddhi vadhaiḥ aśaktiḥ uddiṣṭā |
saptadaśa vadhāḥ buddheḥ viparyayāt tuṣṭi siddhīnām ||

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Āryā 50:

ādhyātmikāḥ catasraḥ prakṛti upādāna kāla bhāgya ākhyāḥ |
bāhyāḥ viṣaya uparamāt pañca nava tuṣṭayaḥ abhimatāḥ ||

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Āryā 51:

ūhaḥ śabdaḥ adhyayanaṃ duhkha-vighātāḥ trayaḥ sukṛt prāptiḥ |
dānaṃ ca siddhayaḥ aṣṭau siddheḥ pūrvaḥ aṅkuśaḥ trividhaḥ ||

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Āryā 53:

aṣṭa vikalpaḥ daivaḥ tairyagyonaḥ ca pañcadhā bhavati |
mānuṣakaḥ ca eka vidhaḥ samasataḥ bhautikaḥ sargaḥ ||

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Āryā 54:

ūrdhvaṃ sattva-viśālaḥ tamo-viśālaḥ ca mūlataḥ sargaḥ |
madhye rajo-viśālaḥ brahmādi stamba-prayaṅtaḥ ||

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Āryā 55:

tatra jarāmaraṇa kṛtaṃ duḥkhaṃ prāpnoti cetanaḥ puruṣaḥ |
liṅgasya avinivṛtteḥ tasmāt duḥkhaṃ svabhāvena ||

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Āryā 59:

raṅgasya darśayitvā nivartate nartakī yathā nṛtyāt |
puruṣasya tathā ātmānaṃ prakāśya vinivartate prakṛtiḥ ||

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