Yoga Sūtra Chapter Four verse 1

जन्मौषधिमन्त्रतपः समाधिजाः सिद्धयः ॥१॥

janma-oṣadhi-mantra-tapaḥ samādhi-jāḥ siddhayaḥ ||1||

Accomplishments arise from
birth, blessed herbs, sacred formulae, self-discipline and integration.

janman - birth, production; re-birthoṣadhi - blessed herbs, medicinal herbsmantra - a sacred formula addressed to any individual deity; instrument of thought; sacrificial formula; mystical verse or magical formula; incantation, charm, spelltapas - to heat; religious austerity; self-discipline; pain, sufferingsamādhi - putting together; communion; absorption; combining; integrationja - born or descended from; produced or caused by; arises out ofsiddhi - accomplishment, performance, fulfilment, attainment, success; the hitting of a mark; coming into force, validity; any unusual skill or faculty or capability; the acquisition of supernatural powers by magical means or the faculty so acquired

Commentaries and Reflections

Commentary by T Krishnamacharya:

Commentary by TKV Desikachar:

The Yoga Sūtra in Chapter Four verse One indicate five ways to reach the highest.
The fifth is the most laboured because we must start from the bottom.”

Commentary by S Ramaswami:

“Having described the Siddhi in the Third Chapter, Patañjali says that it is not only out of the practice of Yoga that they are obtained and gives four other means by which they can be realised.”

Commentary by Paul Harvey:

“There are five ways that Powers are produced.”

“There are five different ways in which the fruits described in Chapter 3 can manifest:
1. Some people are born with this ability.
2. Through taking certain herbs in a special way.
3. Chanting Mantra can change one’s state of mind.
The chanting can be very complex.
4. Austerities can bring power and change perceptions.
This is why Tapas is mentioned as a tool in Chapter Two verse 1.
Tapas needs to be linked to a purpose, so that the heat can be redirected.
There has to be reflection as well as restraint;
you have to reflect on the effect of the restraint on yourself and on others.
5. The practice of Yoga.”