Yoga Sūtra Chapter Three verse 9

व्युत्थाननिरोधसंस्कारयोः अभिभवप्रादुर्भावौ निरोधक्षणचित्तान्वयो निरोधपरिणामः ॥९॥

vyutthāna-nirodha-saṃskārayoḥ abhibhava-prādurbhāvau nirodha-kṣaṇa-citta-anvayaḥ nirodha-pariṇāmaḥ ||9||

The disappearance of the tendency of rising up
is the appearance of the tendency of containment;
connective moments of containment in the psyche
is the transformation to containment.

vyutthāna - turned outward; swerving from the right course; rising upnirodha - to contain, enclose; cover; confine, restrain; quell, surpress; quiescesaṃskāra - tendencies, psychological imprint, mental impression, habitual potency; making sacred, hallowing, consecration, making ready, preparation; a sacred or sanctifying ceremonyabhibhava - disappearanceprādurbhāva - appearancekṣaṇa - moment, any instantaneous point of time, instant, twinkling of an eye; a moment regarded as a measure of timecitta - psyche (the totality of the human mind, conscious and unconscious); mind; heartanvaya - connectionpariṇāma - transformation into; change, alteration, development, evolution

Commentaries and Reflections

Commentary by T Krishnamacharya:

“When Rajas and Tamas
dominate it is
Vyutthāna Saṃskāra.
When they don’t
dominate it is
Nirodha Saṃskāra.”

Vyutthāna happens because of Rāga.
Nirodha happens because of Vairāgya.”

Commentary by TKV Desikachar:

“We can have two opposite Saṃskāra,
but only one can act at any one time.”

““In the Yoga Sūtra
it is said that in the
beginning of one’s Sādhana,
clarity and confusion follow
each other in cycles,
like a wave form.”

Commentary by Paul Harvey:

Dispersion is a habit
that pulls us away from
the habit of containment.”

“The paradox of being in a state of distraction
is that we are actually in a state of focus.
Its just that we are focused on being turned outwards,
as in the tendency of being scattered,
as in Vyutthāna Saṃskāra,
rather than being focused on being turned inwards,
as in the tendency of being contained,
as in Nirodha Saṃskāra.
Both Saṃskāra are acquired tendencies
and thus we can cultivate a choice within our oscillations.”