Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 43

स्मृतिपरिशुद्धौ स्वरूपशून्येवार्थमात्रनिर्भासा निर्वितर्का ॥४३॥

smṛti-pariśuddhau sva-rūpa-śūnya-iva-artha-mātra-nirbhāsā nirvitarkā ||43||

Refined gross deliberation is when the memory is purified,
as if empty of its own character,
so that only the purpose shines forth.

smṛti - remembrance; memory; mindfulness; the whole body of sacred tradition or what is remembered by human teachers and constantly revisedpariśuddhi - purifiedsvarūpa - own characterśūnya - emptyiva - as ifartha - purpose, meaning, goalmātrā - only; measure, quantity, sum, size, durationnirbhāsā - shines forthnirvitarka - refined gross deliberation

Commentaries and Reflections

T Krishnamacharya:

“The continuity of Dhyānam is compared to a flame which is free from wind.”

TKV Desikachar:

“When we look at things, memory always intrudes.
To see clearly,
we need to be in that state described in the Yoga Sutra in Chapter One verse 43.
In such a state, memory dies, imagination vanishes,
then we can see the reality of the object.
This state is Samādhi.”
– TKV Desikachar Madras December 21st 1988

Paul Harvey:

“The next stage is refined deliberation on a gross object,
it is when the memory is purified,
as if empty of its own content,
so that only the true nature of the gross object shines forth.”

“If you remove the past from the present what is left?”

Inspirational Quote

“The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.” Albert Einstein