Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 30

व्याधिस्त्यानसंशयप्रमादालस्याविरतिभ्रान्तिदर्शनालब्धभूमिकत्वानवस्थितत्वानि चित्तविक्षेपास्तेऽन्तरायाः ॥३०॥

vyādhi-styāna-saṃśaya-pramāda-ālasya-avirati-bhrānti-darśana-alabdha-bhūmikatva-anavasthitatvāni citta-vikṣepāḥ te-antarāyāḥ ||30||

These interventions which distract the psyche are:
disorder, dullness, doubt, carelessness, laziness, over-indulgence,
fallacious views, non-attainment of a stage and losing stability.

vyādhi - disorder, disease, ailmentstyāna - dullness; thickness; rigiditysaṃśaya - uncertainty, irresolution, doubt, scruple, misgiving, suspicionpramāda - carelessness, negligence; intoxicationālasya - laziness; idleness; sloth; lethargy; exhaustionavirati - over-indulgence, intemperance; incontinencebhrānti - fallacious, false opinion; perplexitydarśana - view, doctrine, philosophical system; seeing, observing, looking, noticing, observation, perception; exhibiting, teaching; inspection, examinationalabdha - non-attainment, unobtainedbhūmikatva - of a step, degree, stage; a place, situationanavasthita - losing stability, instability; unsettled, unsteady,citta - psyche (the totality of the human mind, conscious and unconscious); mind; heartvikṣepa - distraction, inattention, confusion, perplexity; scattering, dispersion; moving about, to and frote - these, of thee, they, thoseantarāya - intervention, obstacle

Commentaries and Reflections

Commentary by T Krishnamacharya:

“In this Sūtra,
Patañjali lists the nine kinds of obstacles
that are confronted by those who,
though fit and able to meditate on Īśvara,
neglect to do so.”

“The power of the breath,
the power of the senses and
physical strength of the body are each distinct properties.
They should not work against each other
but rather contribute to each others well being.”

“Serious practitioners of Yoga from Vedic times to the present day
emphasise that a clear mind is a prerequisite for Bhakti and
that it is only through Bhakti that the true nature of the Jīva is revealed.
Bhakti, singe minded and abiding, is the mark of a certain unique relationship
characterised by unshakeable faith, absolute trust and boundless devotion.”

“Can these four Yoga Aṅga – YamaNiyamaĀsanaPrāṇāyāma
– be practiced by everyone at every stage of life?
How often and how long should one practice?
How can we adapt our practice to changing circumstances?
These questions and others like them must be answered by a competent teacher,
according to each student’s individual circumstances.”

Commentary by TKV Desikachar:

“Different people explain the cause of disease differently.
In the Yoga Sūtra disease is Vikṣepā, a mind which is unstable.
Mind loses its presence of mind before an object.”

Doubts always arise.
There is no doubt about that!”

“There is also an obstacle that is from the nature of the mind itself.
We get moods — sometimes we are all right, we can go on,
but sometimes we feel heavy, we feel dull, we don’t feel like proceeding.
This mental heaviness could be due to food, it could be due to cold weather,
it could be just the nature of the mind.”

“Another obstacle is when our senses seem to take over.
They reassert themselves as masters,
sometimes without our knowing it.
This is not surprising since we are trained from birth to
look here, see there, hear this, touch that, etc.
So sometimes, because of their habitual action of always looking for things, etc.,
The senses take over and our direction slowly shifts in the wrong way.”

“The worst obstacle of all occurs when,
somewhere in the back of our minds,
we think we have understood something and we haven’t.
That is, we fancy that we have seen the truth.
We think, because of a situation in which we feel
we have some sort of calmness, we have reached our zenith.
We say, ‘That is what I have been looking for; I have progressed.’
But in actual fact we have not progressed.”

“We always have the potential for the state of Samādhi
but somehow something comes between us and that state.”

Commentary by Paul Harvey:

“The Antarāya are presented
as a guide through life’s distractions,
rather than a rationale for life’s obstacles.”

“These inner obstacles that
confuse the psyche are:
Physical Sickenss,
Mental Rigidity,
Lack of Trust,
False Opinions,
Not Attaining a Foundation,
Not Maintaining What is Attained.”

“The use of Āsana and Prāṇāyāma is
an investigation of all the 9 obstacles
in Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 30.
Those things that come between how
we are and how we would like to be.”

“It is intriguing, or even at times beguiling, in what
choices we make in relation to the nine interventions
elegantly presented in Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 30.
In other words what ploys do we deploy and employ
with regard to at least living intelligently within,
even if unable to transform at this point in time,
with what appears as if a distraction between how
we feel we are and how we feel we would like to be.”

“Explain and develop the context of Antarāya in Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 29 and verse 30.”
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Inspirational Quote

“There are as many nights as days, and the one is just as long as the other in the year's course. Even a happy life cannot be without a measure of darkness, and the word 'happy' would lose its meaning if it were not balanced by sadness...” Carl Jung