Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 24

क्लेशकर्मविपाकाशयैःपरामृष्टः पुरुषविशेष ईश्वरः ॥२४॥

kleśa-karma-vipāka-āśayaiḥ aparāmṛṣṭaḥ puruṣa-viśeṣa īśvaraḥ ||24||

The lord is a distinctive animating principle,
untouched by afflictions, actions, results and deposits.

kleśa - afflictions; distress; anguishkarman - act, action, performance; work, labour, activity; any religious act or rite; organ of sensevipāka - results; effect, result, consequence; ripening, maturing; digestion; conversion of food into a state for assimilationāśaya - seed, deposit; resting place; ‘stock’ or ‘the balance of the fruits of previous works, which lie stored up in the mind in the form of mental deposits of merit or demeritaparāmṛṣṭa - untouched; not touched by or come into contact withpuruṣa - animating principle, self, consciousness, spirit; a person, man, a human being; peopleviśeṣa - distinction, difference between; a kind, species, individual; characteristic difference, peculiar mark, special property, speciality, peculiarityīśvara - personal god; the supreme soul; the supreme being; special self; god; lord; master, prince, king, mistress, queen; ruler of choices

Commentaries and Reflections

Commentary by T Krishnamacharya:

“Through devotion and surrender to Īśvara
and by following the eight limbs of Aṣṭāṅga Yoga,
the benefits of Samādhi are realised with as little effort
as it takes to hold a pea in the palm of your hand.”

Commentary by TKV Desikachar:

Patañjali offers a most unusual approach to Īśvara.
It is not a universal God as in the Upaniṣat.
Yoga is rejected in Vedānta because of the idea
that Īśvara is not everything, only a higher power.”

Patañjali defines what is the word called Īśvara.
Īśvara is that being whose actions
are not based on the Kleśa.
We seem to know something,
but not actually,
we proceed and get into trouble.
Īśvara does not have this problem.”

Commentary by Paul Harvey:

“The self is special in
that it is awareness,
untarnished by
afflictions, actions,
fruits and seeds.”

“The immutability of consciousness
is transcendent within the cycle of
emotion, outcome, consequence and deposit.”

“In Sūtra 1.24 Patañjali defines Īśvara by what it isn’t.
So, given that, what is it that makes Īśvara special in terms of its existence?”

Inspirational Quote

“Modern man no longer regards Nature as in any sense divine and feels perfectly free to behave toward her as an overweening conqueror and tyrant.” Aldous Huxley