Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 18

विरामप्रत्ययाभ्यासपूर्वः संस्कारशेषोऽन्यः ॥१८॥

virāma-pratyaya-abhyāsa-pūrvaḥ saṃskāra-śeṣaḥ anyaḥ ||18||

The other,
preceded by the practice of
cessation of psychic activity,
has a remainder of tendencies.

virāma - cessation, to come to an end; rest, cessation from labour; a small oblique stroke placed under a consonant to denote that it is quiescentpratyaya - psychic activity; cause; conception, assumption, notion, idea; ground, basis, motive or cause of anythingabhyāsa - practice; the effort of the mind to remain in its unmodified condition of purity ; repeated or permanent exercise, discipline, use, habit, custom;pūrva - eastward, to the east of; in front, before; former, prior, preceding, previous to, earlier thansaṃskāra - tendencies, psychological imprint, mental impression, habitual potency; making sacred, hallowing, consecration, making ready, preparation; a sacred or sanctifying ceremonyśeṣa - remainder, that which remains or is left, leavings, residue, surplus, balance, the restanya - the other; other than, different from, opposed to; other, different; another, another person; one of a number

Commentaries and Reflections

Commentary by T Krishnamacharya:

“Those mental activities
responsible for unhappiness
become rare and ineffective.
Whenever the person desires,
he can be completely absorbed
in his object of contemplation.”

“All mental distractions arise from the free play of the senses
and only through continuing practice can one keep their power in check.”

‎”Trying to escape from Saṃskāra only increases their power and,
in addition, leads to the acquisition of still more Saṃskāra.”

Commentary by TKV Desikachar:

Samādhi is a state of mind and an understanding that arises from it.”

Commentary by Paul Harvey:

Other than this is the practice
where only tendencies remain,
it is preceded by the
cessation of psychic activity.”

“In Sūtra 1.18 Patañjali introduces the notion of Saṃskāra.
What is the relationship of Saṃskāra, as introduced
in this Sūtra, to the outcome of Abhyāsa,
as discussed in the preceding Sūtra?”

Inspirational Quote

“Cessation of work is not accompanied by cessation of expenses.” Cato the Elder