Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 17

वितर्कविचारानन्दास्मितारुपानुगमात्संप्रज्ञातः ॥१७॥

vitarka-vicāra-ānanda-asmitā-rūpa-anugamāt-saṃprajñātaḥ ||17||

Total knowing follows the form of gross deliberation,
subtle reflection, joy and the sense of ‘I’ am-ness.

vitarka - gross deliberation; negative deliberation; negative reasoningvicāra - subtle or special reflectionānanda - happiness, joy, enjoyment, sensual pleasure; the thing wished forasmitā - egoity; the sense of 'I' am-nessrūpa - any outward appearance or phenomenon or colour; form, shape, figure; aggregate; ‘formed or composed of’, ‘consisting of’anugama - followssaṃprajñāta - distinguished, discerned, known accurately; completely known; total knowing

Commentaries and Reflections

Commentary by T Krishnamacharya:

Abhyāsa is the practice that leads to Viveka,
the state which there are no external distractions
to prevent clear perception.”

Commentary by TKV Desikachar:

Commentary by Paul Harvey:

Insight follows the aggregate
of deliberation on the gross,
to reflection on the subtle,
resulting in a feeling of happiness,
culminating in a sense of oneness.”

“In Sūtra 1.17 Patañjali presents Asmitā, or the
sense of oneness, as the culmination of four
successively subtle forms of a meditational
process, collectively described as Saṃprajñāta.
How do we compare Asmitā in this verse
with the Asmitā described as one of the
five Kleśa listed in Chapter Two verse 3?”

Inspirational Quote

“What we do not understand we do not possess.” Johann Wolfgang von Goethe