jñānaDevanāgarī: ज्ञान Translation: knowing; knowledge; higher knowledge Similar words:jña, jñāta, jñātṛtva, jñeya, prajñā, saṃjñā, saṃprajñāta, vijñāna, saṃvid Opposite words:ajñāna, ajñāta Related concepts:indriya, bhakti, vidyā
Appears inYoga Sūtra: Sāṃkhya Kārikā: Bhagavad Gītā: Gītārtha Saṃgraha:
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“What good is the sword of wisdom (Jñāna Asinā),
to cut away the chains of doubt (Saṃśaya),
if the holder is too weak to bear it.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary on the Bhagavad Gītā Chapter Four verse 42
“Knowledge from the past prevails and influences me to either judge or inquire.
Assuming my knowledge and my memory and I proceed is Asmitā Kleśa.
Assuming that I may be wrong and wishing to find out more is Asmitā Jñāna.
However to hesitate completely or question everything is Asmitā Kleśa.
– TKV Desikachar commentary on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 6
3. Bhakti – trying to connect myself with the highest force; to accept the absolute power of God – that he is Master and Teacher, the only reality.
“The five senses that transport experience from the outer to the inner are called the Jñāna Indriya,
or the senses through which we receive the world.”
There is always Rāga, it just depends where we are in ourselves in terms of a spectrum of being.
Thus Rāga can express itself within the spectrum of being as either a state of Jñāna Rāga
or a state of Kleśa Rāga or, as happens mostly, somewhere twixt the extremes of the two.
Either way according to TKV Desikachar’s teaching, progress is not possible without the drive of the emotional forces, they are the horses that pull the chariot.
As to which of the two paths (Jñāna Rāga or Kleśa Rāga) we find ourselves veering towards depends on our skill as a charioteer, coupled with our understanding of the nature of the forces/horses,
as well as the essential nature of the ‘food’ we ‘choose’ to feed them on.
Hence Desikachar’s quote:
“Each person has two forces Rāga and Dveṣa.
They are there to serve you, not you them.”
– TKV Desikachar on Bhagavad Gītā Chapter Three verse 34
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