Sāṃkhya Kārikā Title


Sāṃkhya Kārikā

of Īśvara Kṛṣṇa

sāṃkhya - enumeration; a numberkārikā - concise statement of doctrines in verse

Commentaries and Reflections

Commentary by TKV Desikachar:

“Sāṃkhya proposes a permanent solution to suffering.
If we look and see.
And see what produces what we see.”
– TKV Desikachar Madras November 24th 1979 on Sāṃkhya and Yoga

“Sāṃkhya postulates what appears and what causes it to appear.”
– TKV Desikachar Madras November 24th 1979 on Sāṃkhya and Yoga

“Sāṃkhya and its aspects, what are the characteristics?
1. What is seen – The effect
2. What is not seen – The cause
3. What sees – Something other than cause and effect
The relationship between these three is discussed in Sāṃkhya philosophy.”
– TKV Desikachar India 1979 on Sāṃkhya and Yoga

Commentary by Paul Harvey:

Sāṃkhya is about living more within that which doesn’t change,
rather than living more within that which does change.

The aim of Yoga and Sāṃkhya is to be yoked to the more discerning aspects of the psyche, rather than just to the more grasping aspects of the psyche.

In the former the tendency of the Buddhi to discern discriminately dominates the tendency of Ahaṃkāra to grasp indiscriminately. In the latter the tendency of the Ahaṃkāra to grasp dominates the tendency of the Buddhi to discern.

The former is a state known as Buddhi Sattva where the clarity of discernment dominates the indiscriminate grasping nature of the Ahaṃkāra. The latter is a state of Buddhi Tamas, where the discerning qualities of the Buddhi are obscured by the grasping nature of the Ahaṃkāra.

Thus our Yoga Sādhana has but one aim, that of the reduction of the obscuration of Tamas (apart from deep sleep) in the Buddhi. This reduction of Tamas facilitates the ascent of the clarity of Sattva, as in the metaphor of the reduction of the cloud facilitates the ascent of the sun discussed within yesterdays post.