īśvara Praṇidhānā – What is our attitude towards our own action?

What is our attitude towards our own action?

Īśvara Praṇidhānā
What is our attitude towards our own action?”
TKV Desikachar France 1983

The re-action of Tapas should lead you towards Svādhyāya……

svadhyaya_2

Svādhyāya
Reflecting on our actions will tell us something about oneself.
The word means going toward oneself.
The re-action of Tapas should lead you towards Svādhyāya.
Also means study of texts.
For example Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā and Pūrṇa Matsyendrāsana.
Is the effect different from what it said will happen?
This leads to Svādhyāya and Anumāna or to a teacher.”
TKV Desikachar France 1983

Patañjali has proposed 3 approaches to verify the indications……

Patañjali has proposed 3 approaches to verify the indications.
Tapas – Process of action
FoodĀsanaPrāṇāyāma.
You will be doing something that you will not be habitually doing.
For example one day no salt, cigarettes, Prāṇāyāma.
Tapas is from the root to create thirst.
It means to deprive.
It will tell us about ourselves.
It will reveal our Saṃskāra and Pariṇāma or changes in ourselves.
From this Tapas we will start to get an indication of our individual nature.
For example active or lazy.
Tapas indicates the the beginning of the Bheda, through the Bhāva.”
– TKV Desikachar France 1983

Serve Yoga and Yoga will serve you.

samkhya

Serve Yoga and Yoga will serve you.
tat-artha eva-dṛśyasya-ātmā
“That purpose of the seen is indeed for our essence.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 21

Don’t Believe Every Thing You Think You Think

Dont_BelieveDon’t Believe Every Thing You Think You Think

The means to knowledge i.e. our method of knowing, involves a……

pramana

“The means to knowledge
i.e. our method of knowing (Pramāṇa – right perception), involves a progression,
a movement from Āgama (authentic teachings),
what we hear or perceive or learn from authoritative sources;
to Pratyakṣa (through the senses) to see the fire, itself, the fact, the truth, the reality.
Such a means to know is a movement from the gross to the subtle.
In Vikalpa, we don’t have this progression.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

Through Vikalpa, the mind fabricates thoughts of no essence……

vikalpa

“Through Vikalpa,
the mind fabricates thoughts of no essence, no substance;
and since meditation is, for most of us, the play of the mind,
Vikalpa is the greatest obstacle.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

The biggest obstacle to meditation is Vikalpa……

phil_meditation

“The biggest obstacle to meditation is Vikalpa,
the ability of the mind to fabricate in spite of reality.”
KV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

I do feel that verses 10 and 11 Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two offer……


This post arose from a comment in a thread yesterday on my facebook page:
“I feel that by now you are surely off Yoga Sūtra 2.1?”
Its not something I think about often from that perspective so my thanks to Ivan for the following reflection:

“I do feel that verses 10 and 11 Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two offer an inspiration for the transition from Kriyā Yoga towards Aṣṭāṅga Yoga.

read more

Saṃyama can be on……

samyama

Saṃyama can be on the physical, as in Hasta on the strength of an elephant.
Or Saṃyama on Saṃskāra,
an investigation of mental tendencies leading to an understanding of past traits.
Or on Grahaṇa,
going into the idea of how the senses hold objects,
what is the basis inside for sense perceptions.
This leads to Indriya Jaya.
Patañjali is giving indications that these practices are possible.
Īśvara Praṇidhāna is quoted more than once, through investigation of this idea he tells us that it is this that makes a person aware of their true self
– Tataḥ Pratyak Cetanā Adhigamaḥ (YS Chapter One verse 29).
Sādhana can be physical, senses, mental, spiritual.”
TKV Desikachar France 1983

What is the greatest obstacle to meditation?

dhyana

“Question: What is the greatest obstacle to meditation?”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

Does the object of meditation affect the ‘I’?

dhyeya

Question: Does the object of meditation affect the ‘I’?
“The characteristics of the object go into the meditator.
The Dhyeya (object or question) is very important,
it influences the meditator,
for whatever one is linked to,
its through the mind.”
– TKV Desikachar Madras 1988

I do not reject the concept of meditation without a question for inquiry……

dhyeya

“I do not reject the concept of meditation without a question for inquiry or an object for meditation,
but how, given the previous definition of meditation,
could we explain the absence of a question or an object in this scheme?
Certainly, if the ‘I’ is not there, there can be no meditation.
Many heads have rolled on this question of objectless meditation and I want to save my head.
It may be possible to meditate without an object but,
personally, I am skeptical that one can.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

Thus Yukti Anumāna or skilful inference through the process of……

The witness cannot be witnessed.
Yoga Sūtra C4 v21

Thus Yukti Anumāna or skilful inference through the process of ne’iti, ne’iti or not this, not that, is seen as a means to understand all except that, which cannot be identified, yet still expresses the essence of existence.

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When an object is invisible, it is not invisible because it is not there……

visaya

“When an object is invisible,
it is not invisible because it is not there,
but because something hides it.
What you seek may be next door,
but you won’t find it precisely because it is next door.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

According to Patañjali, comprehension is dependent opon two things……

apeksa

“According to Patañjali (Yoga Sūtra C4 v17), comprehension is dependent upon two things:
1. Your interest
and
2. The proximity of the object.
Apekṣā is the interest of the Puruṣa for the object.
The success of Dhyāna depends on the force (Śakti) of the Puruṣa
that pushes the mind to direct itself towards an object.
Without interest, there is no question and no answer.
If you have the interest, you will discover the proximity.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

How does the ‘I’ influence Dhyāna?

dhyana

Question: How does the ‘I’ influence Dhyāna?
“Patañjali’s Yoga Sūtra, which describes every aspect of mental activity,
provides an answer to this question…….”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

Patañjali
 was 
very 
prophetic, 
because 
he spoke
 not 
only
 of……

Patañjali
 was 
very 
prophetic,
because 
he spoke
 not 
only
 of 
yesterday’s 
mind,
but 
also
 of
 tomorrow’s.
His 
message 
concerns 
clarity,
and it 
will 
become 
more 
and 
more 
pertinent
 as
 time 
goes 
by,
because 
people 
are 
now
 questioning 
much 
more 
than
 before.”
TKV Desikachar France May 1999

The Yoga Sūtra become as if metaphysical Mantra when they can be……

Patanjali Yoga Sutra

Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 28
tat-japaḥ tat-artha-bhāvanam |
That repetition is for cultivation of its purpose.
“The Yoga Sūtra become as if metaphysical Mantra,
when they can be an internal intonation,
as well as an external edification.”

Avidyā is the illusion of recognising the……

avidya

Avidyā is the illusion of recognising:
the ephemeral as the eternal,
the profane as the profound,
pain as pleasure and
the silhouette as the source.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 5

Once again, let me remind you that Dhyāna is……

dhyana

“Once again, let me remind you that Dhyāna is:
1. The ability to establish a contact with an object.
2. The ability to prolong this contact so as to create a link both ways.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

Prāṇāyāma is the interface between Āsana and Dhyāna and an important……

Prāṇāyāma is the interface between Āsana and Dhyāna and an important (missing?) link in the evolution of one towards the other.

Since Dhyāna cannot occur without an object of concentration……

dhyana

“Since Dhyāna cannot occur without an object of concentration,
there must be an area (Deśa) where you fix your mind.
So, first you have to fix or bind (Bandha) your mind on a particular place (Deśa), a chosen object; this is known as (Deśa Bandha as in YS C3 v1).
And second, the mind should establish a relationship with this object which should last, at least, for a moment.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

Perhaps the best explanation of Dhyāna is given by Patañjali in……

dhyana

“Perhaps the best explanation of Dhyāna is given by Patañjali in the Yoga Sūtra Chapter Three verses One and Two, where he states that one must first fix the question (Dhāraṇā) and then link to it (Dhyāna).
One who is not able to fix the question is not able to succeed in Dhyāna.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

We need to begin with a definition of Dhyāna……

dhyana

“We need to begin with a definition of Dhyāna.
Dhyāna involves an individual and a question or object.
On a simplest level, what happens between the individual and that question or object is the beginning of Dhyāna.
It can be any question, but it must be one question.
There must only be one channel between the “I” and the question, not multi-channels.
The “I” must temporarily drop the other interests and there must be a question.
There is no Dhyāna if there is no question or object.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988