The Viniyoga of Yoga Practice and Yoga Study PDF Repository

The role of this post is to flag a centralised resource

where you can download any material from the cYs Yoga Journal or Yoga Freenotes sections of the website that is also available as a PDF. As of May this year the running total of downloadable PDF’s nears 350, and are correlated within 19 primary groupings, quick links to each are shown below.

Topic Headings for this Resource:
1. Material from & around T Krishnamacharya – Yoga, Yoga Sūtra & other references
2. Material from TKV Desikachar – Yoga, Yoga Sūtra & other reference points
3. Religiousness in Yoga with TKV Desikachar – Chapter by Chapter Study Guides
4. Krishnamacharya Yoga Mandiram – Darśanam Journal Articles
5. Articles by Srivatsa Ramaswami – Around the teachings of T Krishnamacharya 
6. Collected Yoga Articles, Practice Musings  & Interviews – by Paul Harvey

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My understanding on the context and content of Yoga Makaranda….

yoga makaranda

My understanding from my discussions over the years with TKV Desikachar regarding the context and content of Yoga Makaranda, is that when teaching youngsters the length of the breath was minimised to a relatively short fixed length and use of Kumbhaka was limited to a few seconds Antar Kumbhaka and Bahya Kumbhaka.

However there were no limitations on the range or intensity of Āsana and lots of use of variations to be engaged with within each Āsana.

“The Āsana are presented in Vinyāsa Krama,
the way it was taught to children in the Yoga Śāla.

This should not create the impression that
T Krishnamacharya taught in this manner to everyone.”

– TKV Desikachar Introduction to Yoga Makaranda

In the adult there were no such limitations for the breath and the work with variations of the Āsana was re-prioritised to working with a fewer Āsana and fewer variations within each Āsana, but with the challenge of a greater range of breathing patterns both in length and combinations.

Certainly, Antar Kumbhaka or Bahya Kumbhaka of 10″ was commonplace in the adult practice and here the ‘perfection’ of the Āsana was measured by mastery of all aspects of the breath rather than for the youngster, where ‘perfection’ of the Āsana was measured by mastery of all aspects of the form. This was consistent with Krishnamacharya’s teaching in his Yoga Rahasya on Yoga Sādhana and Stages of Life.

Furthermore, my understanding is that if we use a particular Āsana with all its permutations of form and thus less focus on the variations of the breath it operates more as an Āsana. If we use a specific primary Āsana with the focus on all its permutations of breath and thus less priority around the variations of the form it operates more as a Mudrā.

Sarvaṅgāsana is such an example, with its 32 variations devised by Krishnamacharya emphasising its role as an Āsana and its static solo form with its focus on extensive breath ratios involving all four aspects of the breath, perhaps augmented by the Tri Bandha, emphasising its role as a Mudrā.

To View or Download this Post as a PDF

For more on an Introduction to Yoga Makaranda read……
Introduction to the Yoga Makaranda by TKV Desikachar

The Viniyoga of Planning Principles within Āsana Mudrā and Prāṇāyāma

– Vinyāsa Krama –
Intelligent sequence building in Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma

The past two years have seen some 70 individual posts
accumulating on the theory behind Practice Planning,
to appreciate how the skilful use of the art of Viniyoga
can help in investigating the Vinyāsa Krama of Āsana.
They were collated together under 12 groupings below:

1. In terms of Practice Planning the Spirit of Viniyoga is achieved by two broad means
2. General Guidelines for Practice Planning:
3. General Guidelines for Choosing Āsana:
4. General Guidelines for Setting Practice Aims or Learning Outcomes:
5. Different Types of Postural Activity in Āsana Practice
6. Voluntary Efforts and Involuntary Effects in an Āsana Practice
7. A third factor, that of Respect for Responses
8. We must also consider the Safety Factors
9. The Element of Compromise in the Body
10. The Adaptation of the Āsana Practice
11. What is the role of the Practice of Āsana?
12. Summary of Ideas around Practice Planning

These posts were also collated into a single thread within a single static page on the website. However, since this particular thread is now completed I felt it could a helpful addition to offer the collected collations on this topic as a downloadable PDF.
So, offered below are two PDF versions, either in English A4 or as US Letter.

The Viniyoga of Planning Principles within Āsana, Mudrā and Prāṇāyāma A4 version
The Viniyoga of Planning Principles within Āsana, Mudrā and Prāṇāyāma US Letter version

MP3 Recording Updates to Taittirīyra Upaniṣat Online Chant Resources

The Taittirīyra Upaniṣat Chant Resources were mostly recorded at a ‘learning rhythm’ speed, rather than ‘typical rhythm’ speed, in order to support the student’s learning.

Though, accessing tuition resources to embrace and actualise the ‘typical rhythm’ is encouraged for those interested in exploring a deeper intention for the practice.

All the PDF & MP3 material below is offered as a free access download.
It is not © and is available in the spirit of open-source community commons.
Please respect this open-source community by not uploading any material
from this site onto websites that operate behind a third-party paywall host.
Here this means that the visitor is required to take out a paid subscription
in order to get full access to anything taken and uploaded from this site.
Doing so transforms what is offered in the Spirit of Dharma into one of Karma.

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PDF Downloadable Āsana, Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma Sample Practices

Collected Āsana, Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma Sample Practices

– Āsana and Mudrā Sample Practices

– Prāṇāyāma Sample Practices

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A Twelve Day Intensive Prāṇāyāma Sadhana proposal for Nāḍī Śodhana….

Below is a proposal for a 12 day intensive Prāṇāyāma Sādhana.

Here, the Vinyāsa Krama is built around a single Prāṇāyāma technique, namely Nāḍī Śodhana. The proposal is relatively straight forward in that the practitioner sets a developmentally ascending Krama for the first six days. This is followed by a similarly shaped descending Krama for the remaining six days.

Along with the single Prāṇāyāma technique Nāḍī Śodhana, a single ratio is proposed, namely 1.0.2.0, coupled with the same breath length. In other words starting with and maintaining throughout the sitting the same breath length and ratio, with the exhale twice the length of the inhale.

Here, in terms of Bhāvana, the aim is to cultivate a quality of subtlety or Sūkṣma. This is further facilitated as a process by choosing to maintain a lower breath length, as in 4 or 5 breaths per minute rather than say, 2 or 3 breaths per minute. This would translate as 4.0.8.0. or 5.0.10.0. rather than say 6.0.12.0. 8.0.16.0. or 10.0.20.0.

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Navarātri or the Nine Nights of Durgā as a time for Mantra Sādhana……

tri_devi_470

The ninenight long Nava Rātri, an important occasion in India, is celebrated as a time to honour the Divine Feminine, especially the Goddess Durgā within the Indian tradition. It will commence today Sunday 15th October 2023, the first day of the month of Aśvin, according to the Hindu calendar. During this time the primary focus is Durgā manifesting through three primary aspects of the Divine Feminine.

Thus for the first three nights, the focus is around the Divine Feminine in her power-bestowing aspect known as Durgā. For the second three nights, the focus is around the Divine Feminine in her prosperity-bestowing aspect known as Lakṣmī. For the third three nights, the focus is around the Divine Feminine in her wisdom-bestowing aspect known as Sarasvatī.

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Learning Support for Chanting the Tri Guṇa Mantra – Krama Pāṭhaḥ – Typical Rhythm

Mantra_logo

Learning Support for Chanting the Taittirīya Saṃhitā 3.3.1 –  Tri Guṇa Mantra
Agne Tejasvin – Krama Pāṭhaḥ – Typical Rhythm
– Private Recording of TKV Desikachar and Sujaya Sridhar by Paul Harvey
To Download or Listen
To Download the Chant Sheet in Romanised Saṃskṛta with Notations

Link to Veda Mantra Chanting Practice – PDF & MP3 Support Resources
Link to Yoga Sūtra Chanting Practice – PDF & MP3 Support Resources

Learning Support for Chanting the Tri Guṇa Mantra – Krama Pāṭhaḥ Learning Rhythm

Mantra_logo

Learning Support for Chanting the Taittirīya Saṃhitā 3.3.1 –  Tri Guṇa Mantra
Agne Tejasvin – Krama Pāṭhaḥ – Learning Rhythm
– Private Recording of TKV Desikachar by Paul Harvey
To Download or Listen
To Download the Chant Sheet in Romanised Saṃskṛta with Notations

Link to Veda Mantra Chanting Practice – PDF & MP3 Support Resources
Link to Yoga Sūtra Chanting Practice – PDF & MP3 Support Resources

Learning Support for Chanting the Tri Guṇa Mantra – Saṃhitā Pāṭhaḥ Learning Rhythm

Mantra_logo

Learning Support for Chanting the Taittirīya Saṃhitā 3.3.1 –  Tri Guṇa Mantra
Agne TejasvinSaṃhitā Pāṭhaḥ – Learning Rhythm
– Private Recording of TKV Desikachar by Paul Harvey
To Download or Listen
To Download the Chant Sheet in Romanised Saṃskṛta with Notations

Link to Veda Mantra Chanting Practice – PDF & MP3 Support Resources
Link to Yoga Sūtra Chanting Practice – PDF & MP3 Support Resources

Learning Support for Chanting the Sarvaguṇa Sampanna Mantra – Krama and Jaṭā Pāṭhaḥ

Mantra_logo

Learning Support for Chanting the Taittirīya Saṃhitā 7.1.6 – Sarvaguṇa Sampanna Mantra
Karoti Rūpāṇi – Krama Pāṭhaḥ by TKV Desikachar combined with Jaṭā Pāṭhaḥ by Sujaya Sridhar.
– Private Recording of TKV Desikachar and Sujaya Sridhar by Paul Harvey
To Download or Listen
To Download the Chant Sheet in Romanised Saṃskṛta with Notations

Link to Veda Mantra Chanting Practice – PDF & MP3 Support Resources

Learning Support for Chanting the Sarvaguṇa Sampanna Mantra – Krama Pāṭhaḥ

Mantra_logo

Learning Support for Chanting the Taittirīya Saṃhitā 7.1.6 – Sarvaguṇa Sampanna Mantra
Karoti Rūpāṇi – Krama Pāṭhaḥ.
From my personal library of recordings of my teacher.
To Download or Listen
To Download the Chant Sheet in Romanised Saṃskṛta with Notations

Link to Veda Mantra Chanting Practice – PDF & MP3 Support Resources

Learning Support for Chanting the Sarvaguṇa Sampanna Mantra – Saṃhitā Pāṭhaḥ

Mantra_logo

Learning Support for Chanting the Taittirīya Saṃhitā 7.1.6 – Sarvaguṇa Sampanna Mantra
Karoti Rūpāṇi – Saṃhitā Pāṭhaḥ.
From my personal library of recordings of my teacher.
To Download or Listen
To Download the Chant Sheet in Romanised Saṃskṛta with Notations

Link to Veda Mantra Chanting Practice – PDF & MP3 Support Resources

Design and Experiment with Four Āsana Practices to use Bhujaṅgāsana to…

Design and Experiment with Four Āsana Practices to use Sālamba
Bhujaṅgāsana and/or Nirālamba Bhujaṅgāsana to:

1. To strengthen and prepare the legs and back for Vīrabhadrāsana
2. As Pratikriyāsana to Halāsana
3. To prepare for staying in Dhanurāsana
4. To emphasise the work in Daṇḍāsana

The Vinyāsa Krama or planning steps in each of the four practices will be for a maximum of 60 working breaths.

– It will be based around Āsana especially Bhujaṅgāsana.
– In this instance, the practice will not include any Mudrā, Prāṇāyāma or Dhyāna.
– In the planning structure, any link Āsana such as Samasthiti, Śavāsana, Vajrāsana, do not count in the breath tally.
– Make notes on what you have discovered from each practice.
– Justify to yourself your choice of supporting or compensatory Āsana within the scheme.

To Download or View this Question as a PD1F Study Sheet

Yoga Practice Planning and Theory Questions – Collected & Collated

Design and Experiment with a Practice around Āsana, Mudrā and Prāṇāyāma…

Design and Experiment with a Practice around Jaṭhara Parivṛtti, Mahā Mudrā and Pratiloma Ujjāyī Prāṇāyāma

– Staying in Jaṭhara Parivṛtti and Mahā Mudrā for a minimum of 8 breaths each side and Pratiloma Ujjāyī Prāṇāyāma with a crown of 16 breaths.

– Within this Vinyāsa Krama will be a common thread within each of the three crowns of the ratio 1.1.1.1.
This may also be accessed as a crown within each of the three peaks.
However within the planning there will be a developmental thread, in that the ratio of 1.1.1.1. will increase in actual length, whilst the four aspects of the breath remain constant.
In other words, if the base unit for each of the four aspects of the breath in Jaṭhara Parivṛtti is 8 seconds, then the base unit in Mahā Mudrā is 10 seconds and the base unit in Pratiloma Ujjāyī Prāṇāyāma is 12 seconds.
This relationship is to remain progressive within the three crowns, so it may be in the form of 6, 8 or 10 seconds, et al.

The Vinyāsa Krama or planning steps in the complete practice will be for a total of 120 working breaths.

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Design and Experiment with a Practice around Baddha Koṇāsana and Mahā Mudrā…

Design and Experiment with a Practice around Baddha Koṇāsana and Mahā Mudrā

– Staying in Baddha Koṇāsana for a minimum of 8 breaths and Mahā Mudrā for a minimum of 8 breaths each side

The Vinyāsa Krama or planning steps in the practice will be for a total of 90 working breaths.

– It will be based around Āsana and Mudrā especially Baddha Koṇāsana and Mahā Mudrā.
– In this instance, the practice will not include any Prāṇāyāma or Dhyāna.

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Nāma, Rūpa, Lakṣana – The Name, Form and Characteristics of Āsana…

Āsana practice also implies as well as practicing,  we need to know something about the Āsana we are going to work with as we introduce, persevere and develop and especially personalise our practice. Hence we have to both practice but also have some theoretical background in order to context an Āsana in itself and in relationship to both other Āsana and to Yoga.

Thus, guided studies through all the aspects involved in Āsana practice and teaching within the field of Āsana involved firstly, as an adjunct to embracing a personal practice, getting to know one’s tools in terms of what. In other words, how to use them without any particular consideration of who, or even why.

This learning into what are the tools we use in Yoga practice and how we learn to apply them on a personal basis, as a novice musician might with regard to their art, were essential first steps. These steps into what and how also preceded learning on how to apply these tools as a Yoga teacher. Even here though, should we be interested in imparting Yoga to others, is it to a person or group wishing to explore and learn the principles as well as the practice?

In other words, being involved with a student wanting to learn Yoga for Yoga, rather than the more usual demand of coming to Yoga for X, Y or Z.  The first aspect within this approach to Yoga as Yoga is study around the definition, meaning and context of Āsana as a primary tool. This first step encompasses the concepts of Nāma, Rūpa and Lakṣaṇa or  what is the name, form and characteristics of the Āsana we wish to engage with.

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Design and Experiment with a Practice around Parivṛtti Trikoṇāsana and Jaṭhara Parivṛtti…

Design and Experiment with a Practice around Parivṛtti Trikoṇāsana and a modified Jaṭhara Parivṛtti, practising Parivṛtti Trikoṇāsana dynamically 6 times alternating before staying 3 breaths each side and repeating Jaṭhara Parivṛtti 6 times alternating before staying 6 breaths each side.

The Vinyāsa Krama or planning steps in the practice will be for a total of 70 working breaths.

– It will be based around Āsana especially Parivṛtti Trikoṇāsana and Jaṭhara Parivṛtti.
– In this instance, the practice will not include any Mudrā, Prāṇāyāma or Dhyāna.
– In the planning structure, any link Āsana such as Samasthiti, Śavāsana, Vajrāsana, do not count in the breath tally.
– Make notes on what you have discovered from this practice
– Justify to yourself your choice of supporting or compensatory Āsana within the scheme.
– This planning question was first proffered within Study and Practice Courses whereby the student’s responses would be shared during the next meeting along with being offered a sample response.
Accordingly, I will post this example by adding it as a PDF resource to this post after some time.

To Download or View this Question as a PDF Study Sheet

To Download or View a Sample Practice Response as a PDF

Yoga Practice Planning and Theory Questions – Collected & Collated

Design and Experiment with a Practice around Parivṛtti Trikoṇāsana and a modified Jaṭhara Parivṛtti…

Design and Experiment with a Practice around Parivṛtti Trikoṇāsana and a modified Jaṭhara Parivṛtti, practising Parivṛtti Trikoṇāsana dynamically 8 times alternating and repeating Jaṭhara Parivṛtti 4 times alternating before staying 2 breaths each side.

The Vinyāsa Krama or planning steps in the practice will be for a total of 60 working breaths.

– It will be based around Āsana especially Parivṛtti Trikoṇāsana and Jaṭhara Parivṛtti.
– In this instance, the practice will not include any Mudrā, Prāṇāyāma or Dhyāna.
– In the planning structure, any link Āsana such as Samasthiti, Śavāsana, Vajrāsana, do not count in the breath tally.
– Make notes on what you have discovered from this practice
– Justify to yourself your choice of supporting or compensatory Āsana within the scheme.
– This planning question was first proffered within Study and Practice Courses whereby the student’s responses would be shared during the next meeting along with being offered a sample response.
Accordingly, I will post this example by adding it as a PDF resource to this post after some time.

To Download or View this Question as a PDF Study Sheet

To Download or View a Sample Practice Response as a PDF

Yoga Practice Planning and Theory Questions – Collected & Collated

Design and Experiment with a Practice around Vīrabhadrāsana along with Ardha Śalabhāsana…

Design and Experiment with a Practice around Vīrabhadrāsana along with Ardha Śalabhāsana.
Practicing Vīrabhadrāsana dynamically 4 Times each side before staying 4 Breaths each side, and Ardha Śalabhāsana dynamically for at least 8 times

The Vinyāsa Krama or planning steps in the practice will be for a total of 60 working breaths.

– It will be based around Āsana especially Vīrabhadrāsana along with Ardha Śalabhāsana.

– In this instance, the practice will not include any Mudrā, Prāṇāyāma or Dhyāna.
– In the planning structure, any link Āsana such as Samasthiti, Śavāsana, Vajrāsana, do not count in the breath tally.
– Make notes on what you have discovered from this practice
– Justify to yourself your choice of supporting or compensatory Āsana within the scheme.
– This planning question was first proffered within Study and Practice Courses whereby the student’s responses would be shared during the next meeting along with being offered a sample response.
Accordingly, I will post this example by adding it as a PDF resource to this post after some time.

To Download or View this Question as a PDF Study Sheet

To Download or View a Sample Practice Response as a PDF

Yoga Practice Planning and Theory Questions – Collected & Collated