Apart from right food other activities like travel to holy places……

tapas devanagari

“Apart from right food other activities like travel to holy places,
giving away gifts to the needy are also part of Tapaḥ.”
– T Krishnamacharya on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

The power of Īśvara alone ensures success……

isvara

“With faith in Īśvara, the master of the whole universe,
regularly offering prayers.
Whether it is Tapas, Svādhyāya or Īśvara Praṇidhānā,
the power of Īśvara alone ensures success.”
– T Krishnamacharya on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

Our journey to our roots is Svādhyāya……

svadhyaya_2

“The study that helps us to know where we are from and what progress we have achieved.
In short, our journey to our roots is Svādhyāya.
There are many means. Vedic chant where the student repeats exactly how the teacher recites the text is one. The means should respect our culture.
It must help explore our own background, our strengths and weaknesses and our progress.
Even a good teacher can be a mirror, a Svādhyāya.”
– T Krishnamacharya on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

They are called Kleśa because they cause difficulty……

They are called Kleśa because they cause difficulty

“They are called Kleśa because they cause difficulty.
If not now then some other time.”
– TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 3

For Anuṣṭhānāt to become and remain important there needs to be Śraddhā.

sraddha

“For Anuṣṭhānāt to become and remain important there needs to be Śraddhā.”
– TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 28

The Healthcare Yoga Programme – Fitness – Well Being – Recovery

Personal Yoga Lessons can be offered whether for Fitness, Well Being or Recovery

Private lessons can be for anybody in any situation or life phase, though those with specific interests or needs 
will find the advantages of working individually more beneficial than group classes.

Furthermore certain situations may better suited to individual Yoga Lessons and require practices and advice customised and developed for home use within the privacy of a personal context.

Thus whatever your situation 121 lessons mean Yoga can be customised to meet your needs as a:

  • Developmental Practice for Personal Pursuits of body, breath or mind, or
  • Constitutional Practice for Lifestyle Support in sustaining health, energy and vitality, or
  • Therapeutic Practice within Recovery from illness, disease or unhelpful lifestyle consequences
read more

Aṅgānuṣṭhānāt – Irrespective of failures and testing times you will not leave it.

“Aṅgānuṣṭhānāt – Commitment
Irrespective of failures and testing times you will not leave it.”
– TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 28

The order is important – from gross to subtle, we need one to appreciate the next.

kriyayoga

“The order is important
– from gross to subtle,
we need one to appreciate the next.”
– TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

Kriyā Yoga means to have certain qualities in our actions……

kriyayoga

“Kriyā Yoga means to have certain qualities in our actions.
e.g. listening to this lecture
Natural for people with a stable mind.
So something has to be done for others.”
– TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two is for those who want to move to the state of Chapter One.

“Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two is for those who want to move to the state of Chapter One.”
– TKV Desikachar

In the Yoga state we experience what is beyond the mind.

drastr

“In the Yoga state we experience what is beyond the mind.”
– TKV Desikachar on Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 3

Through devotion and surrender to Īśvara……

Through devotion and surrender to Īśvara

“Through devotion and surrender to Īśvara
and by following the eight limbs of Aṣṭāṅga Yoga,
the benefits of Samādhi are realised with as little effort
as it takes to hold a pea in the palm of your hand.”
– T Krishnamacharya on Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 24

108 Teaching Path Pointers – 7 – The viniyoga of Yoga is the art of learning how to practice……

viniyoga

The viniyoga of Yoga is the art of learning
how to practice,
rather than
what to practice.

Link to Series: 108 Teaching Path Pointers

Religiousness in Yoga Study Guide: Chapter Five Theory

TKV Desikachar teaching at Gaunts House

‘Religiousness in Yoga: Lectures on Theory and Practice’ by the University Press of America,
a transcript of recordings of a one month Yoga Programme in Colgate University in 1976, published in 1980.

Unlike the later redacted edition, re-published in 1995 as the ‘Heart of Yoga: Developing a Personal Practice’, it captures the evolution of the retreat with the days lectures and Q & A dialogues as they alternated between ‘lectures on the principles and purposes of Yoga and discussions related to the practice of Yoga with special reference to the postures and the breathing techniques’.

TKV Desikachar, in his forward to the original version wrote:

“These lectures and discussions, printed words put before persons I might never meet,
are but reflections of that deeper result that grew out of a living face-to-face encounter.
Coming to learn of Yoga only through reading leaves much to be desired.
Yet, something worthwhile about Yoga might be shared through the medium of the printed word.”

A chapter by chapter Study guide is offered below with added verse and word cross-references where possible to support a a deeper linking with the teachings within these lectures and Q & A sessions.

Chapter Five Theory: Duḥkha and the Concept of Saṃskāra – Pages 69-79

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Teaching 121 lessons remained at the heart of Krishnamacharya’s and Desikachar’s priorities

TKV Desikachar and Paul Harvey

My experience of the application (though not known as Viniyoga till some years after I began my studies in India) of Yoga as a 121 personalised practice methodology transmitted from teacher to student has been formed by a 23 year apprenticeship through intensive immersions in personal lessons, from numerous visits to Madras in South India, learning Yoga practice techniques and theory and associated Yoga and lifestyle texts study under my root teacher TKV Desikachar.

My journey to this relationship with 121 lessons as an authentic and traditional medium for adults learning Yoga as a practice tool and study reference for our personal support and development started in 1972, as for most of us with joining a group Yoga Class. In my case from an interest in meditation coupled with an inability to even sit on my heels.

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We are always experiencing Duḥkha even though some of us might not be seeking clarity.

duhkha_5

“We are always experiencing Duḥkha
even though some of us might not be seeking clarity.”
– TKV Desikachar Religiousness in Yoga Chapter Five Page 79

The only Duḥkha that matters is that which is about to come.

duhkha_5

“The only Duḥkha that matters is that which is about to come.
Things that have happened or are happening must be accepted.”
– TKV Desikachar Religiousness in Yoga Chapter Five Page 74

The Art of the Application of Yoga within Personal Lessons

Āsana_5_web

Who are Individual Yoga Lessons for Tuition or Therapy for?

Private lessons can be for anybody in any situation or life phase, though those with specific interests or needs 
will find the advantages of working individually more beneficial than group classes.

Furthermore certain situations may better suited to individual Yoga Lessons and require practices and advice customised and developed for home use within the privacy of a personal context.

Whether interested in learning Yoga as a: 

read more

108 Teaching Path Pointers – 6 – viniyoga is not a term that can be applied to group class teaching.

viniyoga

viniyoga is not a term that can be applied to group class teaching.

Link to Series: 108 Teaching Path Pointers

When somebody says ‘this doesn’t bother me’, they are already bothered.

“When somebody says ‘this doesn’t bother me’, they are already bothered.”
– TKV Desikachar Religiousness in Yoga Chapter Five Page 79

Some people who practice Yoga develop such a good physical condition that this becomes their only concern.

“Some people who practice Yoga develop such a good physical condition that this becomes their only concern.”
– TKV Desikachar Religiousness in Yoga Chapter Five Page 77

The greatness of Patañjali is to look at Duḥkha as the stepping stone to success.

IWYS_M1

“The greatness of Patañjali is to look at Duḥkha as the stepping stone to success.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra C2 v16

What is the relationship between Yoga training as a Student or as a Teacher?

CYS-Final-magenta

What is the relationship between training as a Yoga Student and training as a Yoga Teacher?

Firstly –

The Yoga Studies Programme offers a comprehensive range of Personal Workshop and Course Modules for groups of around 4 students, totalling over 600 contact hours. The Modular Programme falls into the two groups, the Yoga Practice Techniques and Practice Theory Modules offer 300 contact hours study and the Associated Yoga and Lifestyle Texts Modules offer a further 300 contact hours study.

The 600 contact hours studying Yoga Practice Techniques and Theory or Associated Yoga and Lifestyle Texts can be undertaken purely as a student, without any obligation or need to simultaneously train as a Yoga teacher.

Each modular series, whether in the field of Study of Yoga Practice Techniques and Theory or Associated Yoga and Lifestyle Texts, is complete in itself and designed for Yoga students from any background or approach interested in exploring Yoga practice and textual study in small groups of around 4 students for personal development now, or if relevant in the future, professional needs.

“Training to learn how to teach Yoga is not the same as training to learn how to practice & study Yoga.”

This is unusual these days, as normally to access such a breadth and depth of Yoga training material a student would need to be a participant within a Yoga Teacher Training Course.

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In Veda, Āyurveda and Yoga Sūtra, various techniques are offered to……

tk5_1980

“In VedaĀyurveda and Yoga Sūtra, various techniques are offered to aid in healing the sick.
In addition to herbs and medicines, Patañjali suggests that ĀsanaPrāṇāyāma and Vairāgya
are particularly beneficial and, as any medicine, should be used with care and discipline.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 34

An introduction to what is the art of the viniyoga of Yoga Practice

TKV_5

An introduction to what is the art of the viniyoga of Yoga Practice

The concept of viniyoga is the art of applying Yoga to the needs and aspirations of each person as a unique individual rather than fitting a number of individuals into the more generalised Westernised educational or physical fitness modalities of group class instruction.

“The spirit of viniyoga is starting from where one finds oneself.
As everybody is different and changes from time to time,
there can be no common starting point, and ready-made answers are useless.
The present situation must be examined and the habitually established status must be re-examined.”
– TKV Desikachar

Thus, using the term ‘viniyoga’ to describe a Yoga Class as a ‘Viniyoga Group Class’ or using the term to banner a group class teaching ‘style’ would in reality be a contradiction to how the name viniyoga, offered by Desikachar in 1983 as a collective description for the lifetime teachings of T Krishnamacharya and TKV Desikachar, was intended to be used. In this context the term viniyoga relates solely to the transmission of Yoga within a 121 relationship. In this respect one can consider that even the notion of training teachers just in a group class environment to teach according to ‘Viniyoga’ could be seen as an irony.

So to summarise, the main aim behind the introduction and use of the term viniyoga as the application of Yoga, is to collectively describe an approach to personalising a Yoga practice according to the individual and their situation; through respecting our unique differences in age, gender, mental aptitude, physical health, social lifestyle, occupation and interests; together with developmental potentials according to the persons current situation and needs.