What is the measure of my Śraddhā……

TKV_France_1999

“What is the measure of my Śraddhā. For example,
When a student says these practices are not working?”
–  TKV Desikachar speaking with his senior Western students London 1998

Dhyāna, the Saṃskṛta word for Meditation, means the link between “I” and……

dhyana

Dhyāna, the Saṃskṛta word for Meditation,
means the link between “I” and a particular question,
and the absence of links in other directions.
It pre-supposes that the “I” is equipped to be linked,
is conscious enough that a link is possible.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

Sthira Sukham Āsanam – Means what happens before and after a posture……

sthirasukha

Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 46 Sthira Sukham Āsanam
“Means what happens before and after a posture.
One should be able to move to another posture with ease.
– TKV Desikachar England 1980

What happens to the “I” in Dhyāna?

dhyana

“What happens to the “I” in Dhyāna?”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

Stay lean and keep the fire going in your belly……

Picture courtesy of KYM Archives

Picture courtesy of KYM Archives

“With discipline and modest fare.
Stay lean and keep the fire going in your belly.
Think of God and repeat his words – silently and out loud.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra C1 v5

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T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra C1 v5

Picture courtesy of KYM Archives

Picture courtesy of KYM Archives

“If you want to be happy take up Yoga.
If you don’t, don’t.
Follow your Dharma.
Stay where you belong.
Sing songs and thank the sun every day.”
T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra C1 v5

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The ancient people took the next step……

isvara

“The ancient people took the next step.
If there is disease what is to be done?
What is the cause of the disease?
The cause of the disease is that we are unable to follow Īśvara Praṇidhānā.”
TKV Desikachar France 1983

Change is universal but not the same for everybody…..

parinama

Question to TKV Desikachar on Pariṇāma:
“Change is universal but not the same for everybody.
Pariṇāma gives life to Saṃskāra.
Saṃskāra gives stability to Pariṇāma.
So there is an order in any change.
If there is no Pariṇāma or Saṃskāra there is no Vidyā or Avidyā.”
TKV Desikachar France 1983

We can summarise all the Bheda into three……

bheda

“We can summarise all the Bheda into three:
Saṃskāra Bheda (division by tendencies)
Pariṇāma Bheda (division by transformation or change)
Avidyā Bheda (division by illusion)
They are not bad things, only different.
We need to recognise and do something so the negative differences don’t take us over.”
– TKV Desikachar France 1983

Thus we can only know Avidyā through īśvara Praṇidhānā by……

isvara

“Thus we can only know Avidyā through īśvara Praṇidhānā by action and its results.”
– TKV Desikachar France 1983

The relationship we have developed with the fruits of our actions is……

The relationship we have developed with the fruits of our actions

“The relationship we have developed with the fruits of our actions is Īśvara Praṇidhānā
TKV Desikachar France 1983

īśvara Praṇidhānā – What is our attitude towards our own action?

What is our attitude towards our own action?

Īśvara Praṇidhānā
What is our attitude towards our own action?”
TKV Desikachar France 1983

The re-action of Tapas should lead you towards Svādhyāya……

svadhyaya_2

Svādhyāya
Reflecting on our actions will tell us something about oneself.
The word means going toward oneself.
The re-action of Tapas should lead you towards Svādhyāya.
Also means study of texts.
For example Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā and Pūrṇa Matsyendrāsana.
Is the effect different from what it said will happen?
This leads to Svādhyāya and Anumāna or to a teacher.”
TKV Desikachar France 1983

Patañjali has proposed 3 approaches to verify the indications……

Patañjali has proposed 3 approaches to verify the indications.
Tapas – Process of action
FoodĀsanaPrāṇāyāma.
You will be doing something that you will not be habitually doing.
For example one day no salt, cigarettes, Prāṇāyāma.
Tapas is from the root to create thirst.
It means to deprive.
It will tell us about ourselves.
It will reveal our Saṃskāra and Pariṇāma or changes in ourselves.
From this Tapas we will start to get an indication of our individual nature.
For example active or lazy.
Tapas indicates the the beginning of the Bheda, through the Bhāva.”
– TKV Desikachar France 1983

The means to knowledge i.e. our method of knowing, involves a……

pramana

“The means to knowledge
i.e. our method of knowing (Pramāṇa – right perception), involves a progression,
a movement from Āgama (authentic teachings),
what we hear or perceive or learn from authoritative sources;
to Pratyakṣa (through the senses) to see the fire, itself, the fact, the truth, the reality.
Such a means to know is a movement from the gross to the subtle.
In Vikalpa, we don’t have this progression.”
TKV Desikachar Madras December 19th 1988

Saṃyama can be on……

samyama

Saṃyama can be on the physical, as in Hasta on the strength of an elephant.
Or Saṃyama on Saṃskāra,
an investigation of mental tendencies leading to an understanding of past traits.
Or on Grahaṇa,
going into the idea of how the senses hold objects,
what is the basis inside for sense perceptions.
This leads to Indriya Jaya.
Patañjali is giving indications that these practices are possible.
Īśvara Praṇidhāna is quoted more than once, through investigation of this idea he tells us that it is this that makes a person aware of their true self
– Tataḥ Pratyak Cetanā Adhigamaḥ (YS Chapter One verse 29).
Sādhana can be physical, senses, mental, spiritual.”
TKV Desikachar France 1983