Past tendencies also determine the mind’s direction and…..

samskara

“Past tendencies also determine the mind’s direction and quality of perception.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 4

Even when our understanding is consistent with our perception or……

viparyaya

“Even when our understanding is consistent with our perception or related experience,
it does not necessarily indicate a fact.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 8

Slow and regulated breathing are also helpful techniques to quieten……

seated_pranayama_2

“Slow and regulated breathing using special techniques
to lengthen the the inhale and exhale processes
are also helpful techniques to quieten the disturbed mind
and reduce the unpleasant consequences of this state.
Along with these breathing techniques examination of food habits
and changing them to suit is also a must.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 34

Among the disciplines to be applied are……

tapas devanagari

“Among the disciplines to be applied are:
– Using appropriate breathing technique when moving the body in Āsana practice.
– Eliminating unnecessary travel.
– Regulating the intake of food.
Without these disciplines, the practice of Āsana, Prāṇāyāma and Vairāgya will not be effective.”
–  T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 34

Diet has a great effect on Maitrī Bhāvana.

maitri

“Diet has a great effect on Maitrī Bhāvana.”
– T Krishnamacharya commenting on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Three verse 23
cross referencing to Chapter One verse 33

In recommending Yoga practices, teachers should always consider……

“In recommending Yoga practices,
teachers should always consider an individual’s particular circumstances.
Just as other activities and practices must be adapted
to the changes in one’s life, such as ageing,
so too Yoga practices need to be adapted as the practitioner changes”
–  T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 34

Yoga has no prerequisites except that one must have a teacher……

tkv_tk_3_1980

“Yoga has no prerequisites except that one must have a teacher
and have faith in Īśvara, the first teacher.”
T Krishnamacharya commentary on Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 1

The first Viveka is that I lack something……

viveka

“The first Viveka is that I lack something.
If that urgency is not there then no technique will work.
There must be a very strong thirst.”
– TKV Desikachar

All (Yoga) techniques are for Viveka, as this is the means for freedom.

viveka

“All (Yoga) techniques are for Viveka,
as this is the means for freedom.”
– TKV Desikachar on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 26

THE BASIC TENETS OF PĀTAÑJALA YOGA DARŚANAM

Patanjali Yoga Sutra

THE BASIC TENETS OF PĀTAÑJALA YOGA DARŚANAM
– By Srivatsa Ramaswami

Content Headings Guide

In this booklet Ramaswami presents a background to the Yoga Sūtra of Patañjali by outlining concepts integral to understanding and appreciating its teaching.
Following this intention, introductions to the first and second chapters of the Yoga Sūtra are also offered emphasising the important elements for practice, study and reflection.
A content guide based on the headings in the booklet is outlined below, though the reader will need to apply page numbers as they are not in the original publication, from which the online PDF has 28 pages.

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Sometimes the length of the exhale can be sacrificed, but not the quality…….

asana_16

“It is not essential to work in the firm order of exhale, inhale, holds.
However the exhale should come first,
then you can emphasise the inhale or holds, whichever suits the person or situation.
If the exhale is disturbed you must be careful.
Always start the use of the ratio from the exhale.
Based on the reaction you can play with the inhale and holds.
Never sacrifice the quality of the exhale.
Sometimes the length of the exhale can be sacrificed, but not the quality.
One can refer to Yoga Sūtra I 34 to show that the exhalation should come first.”
– From personal lessons with TKV Desikachar

Dhāraṇā – To see without the mind losing itself

dharana

Dhāraṇā –
To see without the mind losing itself,
because of colouring or expectations.”
– TKV Desikachar

Pratyāhāra – To see without the senses distracting or pulling the mind.

pratyahara

Pratyāhāra –
To see without the senses distracting or pulling the mind.”
– TKV Desikachar

Where there is Duḥkha, there is Avidyā.

duhkha

‎”Where there is Duḥkha, there is Avidyā.”
– TKV Desikachar 1995

T Krishnamacharya on Kriyā Yoga from the Yogavallī

Picture courtesy of KYM Archives

The Yoga Sūtra is divided into four chapters.

The first chapter called Samādhi Pādaḥ assumes the aspirant has progressed adequately to be in a state called Samāhita.

Such a person is not easily agitated.
They have a clearer perception to comprehend concepts such as Īśvara, Vairāgya.

What about others who are known as Vyutthita Citta,
a mind easily prone to agitations and distractions?

This second chapter known as Sādhana Pādaḥ caters to them.

Chapter Two verse 1 – Kriyā Yoga

“The activites of Yoga are
self discipline, self-inquiry and contemplation on the divine.”

The first step consists of:

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Svādhyāya is an inquiry into one’s true nature.

svadhyaya_2

Svādhyāya is an inquiry into one’s true nature.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

The three Upāya to take control of our inability to see things clearly…….

patanjali-1

तपः स्वाध्यायेश्वरप्रणिधानानि क्रियायोगः ॥१॥
tapaḥ svādhyāya-īśvara-praṇidhānāni kriyā-yogaḥ |
“The activities of Yoga are self-discipline, self-study and contemplation on the divine.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

“The three Upāya to take control of our inability to see things clearly.

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It is not enough to clean a vessel, you must put something in.

kriyayoga

‎”It is not enough to clean a vessel,
you must put something in.”
– TKV Desikachar on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

The study of Yoga is a vast undertaking that requires sustained effort……

krishnamacharya4

Picture courtesy of KYM Archives

अथ योगानुशासनम् ॥१॥
atha yogānuśāsanam
Now follow the teachings of Yoga.
– Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 1

“The study of Yoga is a vast undertaking that requires sustained effort and guidance. The term Atha signifies auspicious beginning, uninterrupted continuity, and an appropriate end.

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The Yoga Sūtra is divided into four chapters……

The Yoga Sūtra is divided into four chapters

“The Yoga Sūtra is divided into four chapters.
The first chapter called Samādhi Pādaḥ assumes the aspirant
has progressed adequately to be in a state called Samāhita.
Such a person is not easily agitated.
They have a clearer perception to comprehend concepts such as Īśvara and Vairāgya.”
– T Krishnamacharya introduction to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One