T Krishnamacharya Commentaries on Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verses 1-4

T Krishnamacharya aged 91

T Krishnamacharya Commentaries on Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verses 1-4

 Yoga Sūtra Chapter One Title
samādhi pādaḥ

“The Yoga Sūtra is divided into four chapters.
The first chapter, called Samādhi Pādaḥ,
assumes the aspirant has progressed adequately to be in a state called Samāhita.
Such a person is not easily agitated.
They have a clearer perception to comprehend concepts such as Īśvara and Vairāgya.”

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Yoga is Nirodha of the different activities and fluctuations of the mind……

nirodha

“What is Yoga?
Yoga is Nirodha of the different activities and fluctuations of the mind,
the leader of the senses.
Nirodha is to completely cover.
Thus this Sūtra implies the Nirodha of involvement of the mind in objects
that distract from a chosen direction of contemplation.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 2

Yoga is a Saṃskāra, a process that prepares us to……

“Yoga is a Saṃskāra, a process that prepares us to
realise the things we wish to achieve at various moments in life.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary on Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 1

All mental distractions arise from the free play of the senses and……

indriya

“All mental distractions arise
from the free play of the senses
and only through continuing practice
can one keep their power in check.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 18

In the case of a person whose mind is calm……

“In the case of a person whose mind
is calm and free from disturbances,
there is the integration of the person who meditates,
the mind which is utilised for meditation
and the object that is meditated upon.
– T Krishnamacharya on Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 41

What effects Kleśa have on us?

panca klesa

“What effects Kleśa have on us?
They affect our actions and the results are evident sooner or later.
Further they decide, in spite of us, what we do and don’t.
Our actions will be beyond our control, so are the consequences.”
– T Krishnamacharya on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 12

The evolution of Samādhi is……

samapatti

“The evolution of Samādhi is Sthūla Savitarkā to Sthūla Nirvitarkā.
This is Viniyoga Krama, then Sūkṣma Savicārā to Sūkṣma Nirvicārā.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter Three verse 4
cross referencing to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 42-44.

Who is competent to teach Yoga and what are the responsibilities?

Picture courtesy of TKV Desikachar

Question to T Krishnamacharya:
Who is competent to teach Yoga and what are the responsibilities involved?

“Competence requires a deep study of the texts (Śāstra) and
also taking all of one’s duties and responsibilities seriously (Svadharma).”

When disturbances that take the mind everywhere but nowhere……

samapatti

“When disturbances that take the mind
everywhere but nowhere are contained,
then the individual is like a high class diamond,
with no blemishes.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 41

The term used in those Sūtra is Draṣṭṛ……

drastr

“In the second and third Sūtra the means to realise Samādhi
and the true nature of Jīva were explained.
The term used in those Sūtra is Draṣṭṛ
– that which perceives and aids in perception.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 23

Even when our understanding is consistent with our perception or……

viparyaya

“Even when our understanding is consistent with our perception or related experience,
it does not necessarily indicate a fact.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 8

Slow and regulated breathing are also helpful techniques to quieten……

seated_pranayama_2

“Slow and regulated breathing using special techniques
to lengthen the the inhale and exhale processes
are also helpful techniques to quieten the disturbed mind
and reduce the unpleasant consequences of this state.
Along with these breathing techniques examination of food habits
and changing them to suit is also a must.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 34

Among the disciplines to be applied are……

tapas devanagari

“Among the disciplines to be applied are:
– Using appropriate breathing technique when moving the body in Āsana practice.
– Eliminating unnecessary travel.
– Regulating the intake of food.
Without these disciplines, the practice of Āsana, Prāṇāyāma and Vairāgya will not be effective.”
–  T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 34