108 Postural Practice Pointers – 64 – Sarvāṅgāsana is the Āsana commonly known as shoulder stand…

Sarvāṅgāsana is the Āsana commonly known as
shoulder stand. It is seen as one of the so called
“classical” inverted Āsana, the other “classical”
inverted Āsana being Śīrṣāsana, or head stand.

This Āsana draws together a firmness in the
body, with the subtler purpose of the breath,
with a sense of inner attention for the student.

For this triad to be realised, certain steps need
to be respected with regards to a rationale for
the application of Sarvāṅgāsana, along with
appropriate choices in long-term and short-term
preparation for its use, incorporating appropriate
use of Pratikriyāsana, and cultivation of an
increasing length of stay in the Āsana.

For adults, the most important link whilst in
the Āsana is the relationship with the breath.
Cultivating the power of the breath can also help
in keeping the practitioner attentive to the possible
bio-stresses accumulating from staying in the Āsana.

Link to Series: 108 Postural Practice Pointers

Āsana and Mudrā Glossary
– Grouped into Standing, Kneeling,
Lying, Inverted, Backbend, Seated & Sitting

108 Sūtra Study Pointers – 185 – When harassed by negative reasoning…

When harassed by negative reasoning,
cultivate the opposite viewpoint.
Paul Harvey on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 33

Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Keywords – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Questions – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Reflections – Collected & Collated into Chapters
TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters
T Krishnamacharya Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters

108 Yoga Planning Pointers – 71 – Secondly, to intelligently embrace all of these variables as assets…

12. Summary of Ideas around Practice Planning:

3. Secondly, to intelligently embrace all of
these variables as assets rather than limitations,
we need to make skilful use of the art of Viniyoga
when investigating the Vinyāsa Krama of Āsana.
For example:
– Static Movements
– Dynamic Movements
– Relational Variations
– Appropriate Modifications
Expansive Energetics
Contractive Energetics
Preparatory Movements
Compensatory Movements
Effective Sequence Building
Progressive Breathing Patterns
Efficient Transitions
Relevant Conclusions

Link to Series: 108 Yoga Planning Pointers

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Viniyoga of Practice Planning Principles

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Practice Planning and Practice Theory Questions

108 Yoga Planning Pointers – 69 – Given the changes in the body are manifold and

12. Summary of Ideas around Practice Planning

1. Given the changes in the body are manifold and
the changes in the mind are also manifold, as
well as the manifold changes in the emotions.
How can we meet these manifold changes and
yet still promote well-being within our practice?

Link to Series: 108 Yoga Planning Pointers

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Viniyoga of Practice Planning Principles

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Practice Planning and Practice Theory Questions

108 Sūtra Study Pointers – 184 – Every action, even thoughts have some effect at some level…

Every action, even thoughts have some effect at some level.
Actions create fruits and leave seeds which eventually come
back to the performer of the action, either directly or indirectly.

These actions can be black, white, mixed, or have no colour.
The black actions can potentially have a negative comeback;
whereas white actions can potentially have a positive comeback.
But most actions are mixed, with a vague or indistinct outcome,
or they will have a distinct outcome, but it is difficult to discern.

Those actions that are seen as having no colour are the result
of actions from the highest dispassion, free of selfmotivation.
Because these actions from a Yogin are free of selfmotivation,
they are free of selfinterest, either black, white or mixed.
– Paul Harvey on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Four verse 7

Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Keywords – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Questions – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Reflections – Collected & Collated into Chapters
TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters
T Krishnamacharya Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters

108 Sūtra Study Pointers – 183 – The motives and state of mind of the teacher can also vary…

The motive and state of mind of the teacher can
also vary and therefore produce varying results.
Thus the influence may or may not be for good,
depending on the person who is influencing and
the source of their powers; except in the case of Yoga,
because the actions of a Yogin are free of selfinterest.
Thus, the motivation and intention of the teacher are
important in helping the student illuminate their Nimitta.
– Paul Harvey on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Four verses 5-6

Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Keywords – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Questions – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Reflections – Collected & Collated into Chapters
TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters
T Krishnamacharya Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters

108 Sūtra Study Pointers – 182 – The teaching to a group of students is the same…

The teaching to a group of students is the same,
but each student’s response may be different,
and these can also differ at different times.
Thus, this multiplicity of expectations within
a group is an important and additional factor.
– Paul Harvey on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Four verse 5

Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Keywords – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Questions – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Reflections – Collected & Collated into Chapters
TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters
T Krishnamacharya Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters

108 Sūtra Study Pointers – 181 – The influences are not uniform they vary according to…

The influences are not uniform,
they vary according to the recipient.
It depends on each person,
what they are seeking,
their background and interests,
and the person who is influencing.
– Paul Harvey on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Four verse 5

Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Keywords – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Questions – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Reflections – Collected & Collated into Chapters
TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters
T Krishnamacharya Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters

108 Yoga Practice Pointers – 111 – These days, is there a difference between meditational, mindfulness and meditation?

These days, given its increasingly
populist context and application,
is there any difference between
Meditational, Mindfulness
and Meditation?
If so, does it matter
and if so,
why does it matter?

Link to Series: 108 Yoga Practice Pointers

Āsana and Mudrā Practice Techniques Glossary
– Grouped into Standing, Kneeling, Lying,
Inverted, Backbend, Seated & Sitting

Prāṇāyāma & Bandha Practice Techniques Glossary
– Grouped into Primary, Secondary & Ancillary Techniques

108 Yoga Planning Pointers – 68 – There is also the negative approach to the practice of Āsana

11. What is the role of the practice of Āsana?

2. There is also what can be seen as a
negative approach to the practice of Āsana.
In that, we are as if walking backwards
towards Yoga, because we are looking more
at what Yoga can take us  away from, rather than
looking more at what Yoga can take us towards.
Within this story we use Āsana to take ourselves
away from something we perceive as unhelpful.
However, Āsana practice that can help to promote
well-being in the individual has to be beneficial.
This is one more reason as to why we should
investigate these principles in practice planning.

Link to Series: 108 Yoga Planning Pointers

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Viniyoga of Practice Planning Principles

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Practice Planning and Practice Theory Questions

108 Saṃskṛta Core Concept Pointers – 6 – Dhāraṇā

A lesser known facet of the Yoga Texts and Freenotes section of the Website is the Romanised Saṃskṛta Core Glossary and Cross Reference Guide. It started life as word by word linked index for the online Yoga Sūtra verses offering a meaning and a cross Sūtra reference resource when exploring related verses.

However, as more Yoga Related Texts were added to the online Database, it was obvious that the glossary needed to include relevant terms from other textual sources that matched or correlated with those in the Yoga Sūtra. So, the glossary now includes terms from related sources such as the Sāṃkhya Kārikā and the Gītārtha Saṃgraha, along with selected verses from the Bhagavad Gītā, and Haṭha Yoga Texts, such as the Yoga Rahasya.

The core word is shown in Romanised Saṃskṛta  and Devanāgarī script, along with a suggested translation, or alternative options where it holds different meanings within different contexts. These meanings are complemented by cross referencing with Similar, Opposite and Related Concept options around the Core Word.

Also added to these categories are:
– Links to Related Resources & Longer Articles,
– as well as Collated Related Short Posts & Quotes arranged in Textual and Practice listings.

Both offer further insight and are collated from all the posts involving the Core Word in the Yoga Journal and the Yoga Texts and Freenotes sections of the website. Together, these guidelines will hopefully help the reader navigate and utilise the ever increasing resources within the Glossary.

Meanwhile, as a further study and practice guide, a 108 Saṃskṛta Glossary Word Pointers Series is offered as an invitation into the depth and breadth of this online resource. The highlight words offered within this group within the series are shown below.

108 SAṂSKṚTA CORE CONCEPT POINTERS

3 – ĀSANA
View Word Link or Download as a PDF
4 – PRĀṆĀYĀMA
View Word Link or Download as a PDF
5 – PRATYĀHĀRA
View Word Link or Download as a PDF
6 – DHĀRAṆĀ
View Word Link or Download as a PDF

– View 108 Saṃskṛta Core Concept Pointers Collected and Collated

108 Mudrā Practice Pointers – 29 – Lengthen the Jālandhara Bandha through…

Lengthen the Jālandhara Bandha
through the back of the neck
during the entirety of the inhale.
Sustain the Jālandhara Bandha
through keeping the chin drawn in
during the entirety of the exhale.

Link to Series: 108 Mudrā Practice Pointers

Āsana & Mudrā Practice Techniques Glossary
– Grouped into Standing, Kneeling, Lying,
Inverted, Backbend, Seated & Sitting

Prāṇāyāma & Bandha Practice Techniques Glossary
– Grouped into Primary, Secondary & Ancillary Techniques

108 Yoga Planning Pointers – 67 – we need to consider what is the role of the practice of āsana

11. What is the role of the practice of Āsana?

1. Perhaps at this point, we need to consider
what is seen, especially these days,
as a role for the practice of Āsana.
For example:
Physiological Limitations
Psychological Tensions
Recreational Pastime
Fitness Activity
Prepare for Prāṇāyāma
Prepare for Chanting
Prepare for Meditation
Personal Ritual
SelfInquiry
– Something else?
Thus the roles are many….

Link to Series: 108 Yoga Planning Pointers

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Viniyoga of Practice Planning Principles

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Practice Planning and Practice Theory Questions

108 Postural Practice Pointers – 63 – Dvi Pāda Pīṭham or Two Foot Support combines the characteristics of a lying Āsana…

Dvi Pāda Pīṭham or Two Foot Support combines
the characteristics of a lying Āsana and a backbend,
as well as offering an alternative to more intense
backbends, or as a preparation for inverted Āsana.

This Āsana can be applied initially within a dynamic
context working as a preparation for the body,
plus allowing gradual access to stronger Āsana,
such as prone backbends and inverted Āsana.

The way for progressive work to access the upper half
of the body, neck and shoulders links to a subtle and
precise work with the breath, especially the inhalation.
Here the focus of attention is supported through the
application of techniques such as, firstly, locational
breathing and then, if appropriate, directional breathing.
This can further help the involvement of the student
in the longer-term intention and purpose of the Āsana.

In its more intense Śikṣaṇa form Dvi Pāda Pīṭham is a
challenging option for the more experienced student.

Link to Series: 108 Postural Practice Pointers

Āsana and Mudrā Glossary
– Grouped into Standing, Kneeling,
Lying, Inverted, Backbend, Seated & Sitting

108 Sūtra Study Pointers – 180 – Chapter Four verses 4 and 5  talk about the medium and potential…

Chapter Four verses 4 and 5 talk about the medium
and potential of the link both to and from Nimitta.
This link is through Asmitā, though the openness
and motive within the link determines its quality.
Asmitā is the common channel of communication.
However the quality of the link depends on how much
Asmitā is coloured by Kleśa, or uncoloured by Jñāna.
Thus, when Asmitā Kleśa dominates, the link and the
quality of the communication are potentially impaired.
– Paul Harvey on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Four verse 4-5

Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Keywords – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Questions – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Reflections – Collected & Collated into Chapters
TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters
T Krishnamacharya Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters

108 Sūtra Study Pointers – 179 – Those who use their Nimitta have another facility at their disposal…

Those who use their Nimitta have another facility at
their disposal. They have the ability to influence another.
In that they can change other people’s states of mind.
Asmitā is the common source of this influence over another.
The link between teacher and student is through Asmitā.
The more open the link the stronger the influences.
– Paul Harvey on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Four verse 4

Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Keywords – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Questions – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Reflections – Collected & Collated into Chapters
TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters
T Krishnamacharya Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters

108 Sūtra Study Pointers – 178 – To start with, Nimitta is usually an external agency…

To start with, Nimitta is usually an external agency, but this
external agency must itself also be linked to some Nimitta.
In early life for example, our parents, friends or teachers can
be a Nimitta. As to Yoga, the best external Nimitta is a teacher.
Here, the teacher’s role is to help guide you towards your internal
Nimitta, in that the teacher will get to know you and support you
with the appropriate means for your journey from outer to inner.
From this process, a mirror for Nimitta can be through any number
of things, for example Dharma or even Duḥkha can offer guidance.
– Paul Harvey on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Four verse 3

Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Keywords – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Questions – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Reflections – Collected & Collated into Chapters
TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters
T Krishnamacharya Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters

108 Sūtra Study Pointers – 177 – Metaphorically speaking, we are all made of the same clay…

Metaphorically speaking, we are all made of the same clay.
Therefore, we all have a similar potential for change.
However, to make something different out of this clay,
a wheel is needed, but this is no use without a potter.
Here, the skill of the potter is crucial.
Patañjali uses the word Nimitta
as a cause for change in the clay.
Hence, the potter is Nimitta.
– Paul Harvey on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Four verse 3

Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Keywords – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Questions – Collected & Collated into Chapters
Paul’s Yoga Sūtra Reflections – Collected & Collated into Chapters
TKV Desikachar Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters
T Krishnamacharya Yoga Sūtra Quotes – Collected & Collated into Chapters

108 Yoga Practice Pointers – 110 – These days, is  there any difference between Breathing, Breathwork, and Pranayama?

These days, given its increasingly
populist context and application,
is there any difference between
Breathing, Breathwork,
and Prāṇāyāma?
If so does it matter
and if so,
why does it matter?

Link to Series: 108 Yoga Practice Pointers

Āsana and Mudrā Practice Techniques Glossary
– Grouped into Standing, Kneeling, Lying,
Inverted, Backbend, Seated & Sitting

Prāṇāyāma & Bandha Practice Techniques Glossary
– Grouped into Primary, Secondary & Ancillary Techniques

108 Yoga Planning Pointers – 66 – Regarding personal practice, one might suggest that…

The Adaptation of the Āsana Practice

5. Regarding personal practice, one might suggest that,
both the intention and application of adaptation needs
to be more short-term regarding the external factors.
This is amidst sustaining the longer-term internal direction,
within a more consistent constant with minimum compromise.
In other words, look after your short-term personal practice needs
within the scope and scape of your longer-term practice aims.

Link to Series: 108 Yoga Planning Pointers

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Viniyoga of Practice Planning Principles

Āsana Mudrā & Prāṇāyāma
– Collected Practice Planning and Practice Theory Questions