T Krishnamacharya Commentaries on Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verses 1-4
Yoga Sūtra Chapter One Title
“The Yoga Sūtra is divided into four chapters.
The first chapter, called Samādhi Pādaḥ,
assumes the aspirant has progressed
adequately to be in a state called Samāhita.
Such a person is not easily agitated.
They have a clearer perception to comprehend
concepts such as Īśvara and Vairāgya.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 1
“The study of Yoga is a vast undertaking that requires sustained effort and guidance.
The term Atha signifies auspicious beginning, uninterrupted continuity, and an appropriate end.
Another aspect of Atha is Saṃkalpa, which in Vedic tradition is the decision to initiate something important and to ensure that it is completed at any cost, without distraction or deviation.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 2
“What is Yoga?
Yoga is Nirodha of the different activities and fluctuations of the mind,
the leader of the senses.
Nirodha is to completely cover.
Thus this Sūtra implies the Nirodha of involvement of the mind in objects
that distract from a chosen direction of contemplation.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 3
tadā draṣṭuḥ svarūpe’vasthānam
“During such a moment, without distractions,
the power of the source of perception,
full of clarity and completeness, shines forth.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 4
“What is the nature of distraction?
Past impressions also determine the
mind’s direction and quality of perception.”
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