Primary Prāṇāyāma Techniques as taught by Krishnamacharya and Desikachar


1. Primary Prāṇāyāma Techniques

Anuloma Ujjāyī
– Inhale or Pūraka both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control
– Alternate Nostril Exhale (Starting with Left)

Viloma Ujjāyī
– Alternate Nostril Inhale (Starting with Left)
– Exhale or Recaka both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control

Pratiloma Ujjāyī
– Inhale both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control
– Left Nostril Exhale
– Left Nostril Inhale
– Exhale both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control
– Inhale both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control
– Right Nostril Exhale
– Right Nostril Inhale
– Exhale both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control

Sūrya Bhedana
– Right Nostril Inhale
– Left Nostril Exhale

Nāḍī Śodhana
– Left Nostril Inhale
– Right Nostril Exhale
– Right Nostril Inhale
– Left Nostril Exhale

2. Secondary Prāṇāyāma Techniques

– Fast Single Nostril Abdominal Breathing
– Changing Nostril after every Inhale (Starting with Left)

– Mouth Inhale through Tubed Tongue whilst Raising Head
– Lowering Head whilst Holding the Breath or Antar Kumbhaka
– Exhale both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control

– Mouth Inhale with hissing sound over Tongue
between slightly opened teeth whilst Raising Head
– Lowering Head whilst Holding the Breath or Antar Kumbhaka
– Exhale both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control

Candra Bhedana
– Left Nostril Inhale
– Right Nostril Exhale

– Inhale and/or Exhale through both Nostrils with Humming Sound

3. Ancillary Breathing Techniques

– Inhale both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control
– Exhale both Nostrils with Ujjāyī Throat Control
(Not taught as a Prāṇāyāma technique per se,
but as a breathing technique in and for Āsana and Mudrā and
as an introductory or preliminary or transitional seated breathing exercise)

– Fast Abdominal Breathing
(Technically a Kriyā so used on its own before or in Āsana, or in Mudrā
or as a seated preliminary technique before Prāṇāyāma
or as an introductory step towards Bhastrikā)

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4 thoughts on “Primary Prāṇāyāma Techniques as taught by Krishnamacharya and Desikachar

    • Yes indeed, for example as described in the Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā Chapter Two verse 68.
      The commentary to that verse talks compares the inhale to male bee and the exhale to a female bee.
      Both through the nostrils.
      Hugs to you Bro

    • Viṣamavṛtti Prāṇāyāma is a situation where the Ratio used is not equal.
      Thus there are quite a few possibilities, given the choices and permutations with the four components in the breath.
      But a starting point is one where we choose to work with just one option such as to make the exhale longer than the inhale using a simple technique such as Ujjāyī.
      For example if you inhale 4″ exhale for 6″ etc.
      This can be explored in appropriate Āsana or also within a simple seated Āsana.

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