The Yoga Sūtra is divided into four chapters.
The first chapter called Samādhi Pādaḥ assumes the aspirant has progressed adequately to be in a state called Samāhita.
What about others who are known as Vyutthita Citta,
a mind easily prone to agitations and distractions?
This second chapter known as Sādhana Pādaḥ caters to them.
“The activites of Yoga are
self discipline, self-inquiry and contemplation on the divine.”
The first step consists of:
The whole system functions on the strength of mind.
Mind is affected by what we eat.
Our mind is like our food.
The study that helps us to know where we are from and what progress we have achieved. In short, our journey to our roots is Svādhyāya.
There are many means. Vedic chant where the student repeats exactly how the teacher recites the text is one. The means should respect our culture.
It must help explore our own background, our strengths and weaknesses and our progress. Even a good teacher can be a mirror, a Svādhyāya.
With faith in Īśvara, the master of the whole universe, regularly offering prayers.
– From T Krishnamacharya’s commentary on the Yoga Sūtra known as Yogavallī